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EWG's Tap Water Database

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Westchester Joint Water Works

 

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the New York Department of Health - Bureau of Public Water Supply Protection, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the EPA (July 2017 - September 2017), tap water provided by this water utility was in violation of federal health-based drinking water standards.

This water utility has its own treatment plant or water supply, and also buys or otherwise receives some of its finished water from one or more public water utility systems to provide water for a part of its service area and customers. The list below includes the names of the supplemental water suppliers, with links to their water quality testing data.
- New York City System

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7

contaminants detected above health guidelines

9

other detected contaminants

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages exceeded a health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; radiological contaminants detected between 2010 and 2015.

  • Bromodichloromethane

    cancer

    Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    4.37 ppb
    4.83 ppb
    2.67 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for bromodichloromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 2.67 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    2.67 ppb Yes No

  • Chloroform

    cancer

    Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1 ppb
    11.4 ppb
    16.4 ppb
    19.3 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1 ppb for chloroform was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 19.3 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    19.3 ppb Yes No

  • Chromium (hexavalent)

    cancer

    Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater. Read more about chromium (hexavalent).

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.02 ppb
    0.782 ppb
    0.143 ppb
    0.0568 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0568 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0568 ppb Yes No

  • Dichloroacetic acid

    cancer

    Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.7 ppb
    6.00 ppb
    5.57 ppb
    8.64 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 8.64 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    8.64 ppb Yes No

  • Radiological contaminants

    cancer

    This utility detected Radium, combined (-226 & -228), Radium-226 & Radium-228.

    Radiological contaminants leach into water from certain minerals and from mining. Drinking water contamination with radioactive substances increases the risk of cancer and may harm fetal development.

  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

    cancer

    Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.8 ppb
    23.4 ppb
    26.1 ppb
    26.2 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 26.2 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    26.2 ppb Yes No

  • Trichloroacetic acid

    cancer

    Trichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.5 ppb
    4.93 ppb
    5.81 ppb
    16.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for trichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 16.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    16.0 ppb Yes No

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • Chlorate


    Chlorate forms in drinking water as a byproduct of disinfection. Chlorate impairs thyroid function, making chlorate exposure most harmful during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    210 ppb
    114.0 ppb
    91.9 ppb
    6.42 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chlorate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 210 ppb for chlorate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 6.42 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    6.42 ppb No No

  • Chromium (total)


    Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.633 ppb
    0.445 ppb
    0.0459 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0459 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0459 ppb No No

  • Dibromochloromethane


    Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.7 ppb
    2.99 ppb
    2.71 ppb
    0.0550 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dibromochloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dibromochloromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0550 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0550 ppb No No

  • Fluoride


    Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.438 ppm
    0.160 ppm
    0.746 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.746 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.746 ppm No No

  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)


    Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    12.8 ppb
    13.2 ppb
    29.3 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 29.3 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    29.3 ppb No No

  • Manganese


    Manganese is a naturally occurring element that is common in food and drinking water. Excessive manganese exposures may impair children's attention, memory and intellectual capacity. Click here to read more about manganese.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    100 ppb
    28.3 ppb
    74.2 ppb
    6.62 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of manganese in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 100 ppb for manganese was defined by Minnesota as a risk assessment advisory level, a non-enforceable guideline. This health guideline protects against harm to the brain and nervous system.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 6.62 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    6.62 ppb No No

  • Nitrate


    Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    5 ppm
    0.988 ppm
    0.895 ppm
    0.0817 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 5 ppm for nitrate was defined by EWG based on studies by scientists at the National Cancer Institute and other independent researchers. This health guideline protects against cancer and harm to fetal growth and development.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0817 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0817 ppm No No

  • Strontium


    Strontium is a metal that accumulates in the bones. Radioactive strontium-90 can cause bone cancer and leukemia, and any form of strontium at high doses can harm bone health.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,500 ppb
    357.2 ppb
    131.2 ppb
    21.1 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of strontium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,500 ppb for strontium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against harm to bones.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 21.1 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    21.1 ppb No No

  • Vanadium


    Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    21 ppb
    1.99 ppb
    0.126 ppb
    0.0183 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of vanadium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0183 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0183 ppb No No

Want to filter these contaminants out?

Pollution sources

Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.

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Agriculture

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Industry

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Treatment
byproducts

tear drop 9
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Runoff &
sprawl

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Naturally
occuring

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  • Chlorate
  • Nitrate
  • Chlorate
  • Chromium (total)
  • Manganese
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Vanadium
  • Radium, combined (-226 & -228)
  • Radium-226
  • Radium-228
  • Chromium (total)
  • Manganese
  • Nitrate
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Vanadium
  • Radium, combined (-226 & -228)
  • Radium-226
  • Radium-228
  • Nitrate
  • Chlorate
  • Fluoride
  • Dichloroacetic acid
  • Trichloroacetic acid
  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
  • Chloroform
  • Bromodichloromethane
  • Dibromochloromethane
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Specific water contaminants can come from more than one source.

Westchester Joint Water Works compliance with legally mandated federal standards

  • From October 2014 to September 2017, Westchester Joint Water Works was in violation of health-based drinking water standards:
    Yes
  • 12 QUARTERS
    in violation of any federal drinking water standard from October 2014 to September 2017
Information in this section on Westchester Joint Water Works comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database. Click here for more information for this utility.

Other contaminants tested


Contaminants detected between 2010 and 2014 and were not part of EPA's UCMR-3 testing program:

Aluminum, Barium, Cyanide, Monochloroacetic acid

 

Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2010 to 2015:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, 1,3-Butadiene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 1,4-Dioxane, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), 2,4-D, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldicarb, Aldicarb sulfone, Aldicarb sulfoxide, Aldrin, Antimony, Arsenic, Atrazine, Benzene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Beryllium, Bromobenzene, Bromochloroacetic acid, Bromochloromethane, Bromoform, Bromomethane, Butachlor, Cadmium, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Carbon tetrachloride, Chlordane, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, cis-1,3-Dichloropropene, Cobalt, Combined uranium, Dalapon, Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Dibromoacetic acid, Dibromomethane, Dicamba, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Dieldrin, Dinoseb, Endrin, Ethylbenzene, Ethylene dibromide, Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Isopropylbenzene, Lindane, m-Dichlorobenzene, m-Xylene, Mercury (inorganic), Methomyl, Methoxychlor, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Molybdenum, Monobromoacetic acid, Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene), MTBE, n-Butylbenzene, n-Propylbenzene, Nitrate & nitrite, Nitrite, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, o-Xylene, Oxamyl (Vydate), p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, p-Isopropyltoluene, p-Xylene, Pentachlorophenol, Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA), Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS), Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), Picloram, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Propachlor, sec-Butylbenzene, Selenium, Silver, Simazine, Styrene, tert-Butylbenzene, Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), Thallium, Toluene, Toxaphene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, trans-1,3-Dichloropropene, Trichloroethylene, Trichlorofluoromethane, Vinyl chloride