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EWG's Tap Water Database

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Garden City

 

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the New York Department of Health - Bureau of Public Water Supply Protection, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the EPA (July 2018 - September 2018), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

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7

contaminants detected above health guidelines

18

other detected contaminants

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages exceeded a health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • 1,4-Dioxane

    cancer

    1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.35 ppb
    0.0490 ppb
    0.145 ppb
    1.52 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,4-dioxane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 1.52 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.52 ppb Yes No

  • Chromium (hexavalent)

    cancer

    Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater. Read more about chromium (hexavalent).

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.02 ppb
    0.794 ppb
    0.143 ppb
    0.352 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.352 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.352 ppb Yes No

  • Manganese

    harm to the brain and nervous system

    Manganese is a naturally occurring element that is common in food and drinking water. Excessive manganese exposures may impair children's attention, memory and intellectual capacity. Click here to read more about manganese.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    100 ppb
    27.4 ppb
    78.1 ppb
    672.8 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of manganese in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 100 ppb for manganese was defined by the state of Minnesota as a health risk limit, the concentration of a contaminant that can be consumed with little or no risk to health. This health guideline protects against harm to the brain and nervous system.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 672.8 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    672.8 ppb Yes No

  • Nitrate

    cancer

    Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.14 ppm
    1.01 ppm
    0.906 ppm
    5.06 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.14 ppm for nitrate was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and corresponds to one-in-one-million annual cancer risk level.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 5.06 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    5.06 ppm Yes No

  • Nitrate and nitrite

    cancer

    Nitrate and nitrite enter water from fertilizer runoff, septic tanks and urban runoff. These contaminants can cause oxygen deprivation for infants and increase the risk of cancer. Nitrite is significantly more toxic than nitrate. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.14 ppm
    0.762 ppm
    1.29 ppm
    3.53 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate and nitrite in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.14 ppm for nitrate and nitrite was defined by based on the equivalent health guideline for nitrate, as defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG. . This health guideline protects against one-in-one-million annual cancer risk level.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 3.53 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    3.53 ppm Yes No

  • Perchlorate

    harm to the thyroid

    Perchlorate, a component of rocket fuel, occurs both naturally and as a synthetic chemical. Ingested perchlorate interferes with thyroid function. Exposure to perchlorate during pregnancy and childhood can impair cognitive development.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1 ppb
    0.0937 ppb
    1.27 ppb
    1.18 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of perchlorate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1 ppb for perchlorate was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 1.18 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.18 ppb Yes No

  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)

    cancer

    Dry cleaning chemical tetrachloroethylene, or perc, can cause cancer. It pollutes soil and groundwater due to emissions from dry cleaning facilities, and automotive, metalworking and other industries.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.06 ppb
    0.0139 ppb
    0.00745 ppb
    0.102 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of tetrachloroethylene in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.06 ppb for tetrachloroethylene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.102 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.102 ppb Yes No

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane


    1,1,1-Trichloroethane is a solvent and a degreasing agent used for manufacturing metal products and as ingredient in cleaners and aerosols. Exposure to 1,1,1-trichloroethane can harm the nervous system, liver and circulatory system.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00295 ppb
    0.0108 ppb
    0.219 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.219 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.219 ppb No No

  • 1,1-Dichloroethane


    1,1-Dichloroethane is used in industrial chemical synthesis; in plastics, paint, varnish and finish removers; and as a pesticide. It can cause cancer.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    3 ppb
    0.00167 ppb
    0.0119 ppb
    0.145 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,1-dichloroethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 3 ppb for 1,1-dichloroethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.145 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.145 ppb No No

  • 1,2-Dichloroethane


    1,2-Dichloroethane is a volatile carcinogenic chemical used to make plastic products such as polyvinyl chloride.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    0.000821 ppb
    0.000970 ppb
    0.00386 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,2-dichloroethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for 1,2-dichloroethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.00386 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.00386 ppb No No

  • Barium


    Barium is a mineral present in rocks, soil and water. High concentrations of barium in drinking water increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    700 ppb
    67.8 ppb
    105.5 ppb
    0.418 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of barium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 700 ppb for barium was defined by EWG as benchmark that protects against harm to the kidneys and the cardiovascular system. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.418 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.418 ppb No No

  • Bromoform


    Bromoform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromoform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.5 ppb
    1.78 ppb
    1.18 ppb
    0.0358 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromoform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for bromoform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0358 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0358 ppb No No

  • Carbon tetrachloride


    Carbon tetrachloride, a volatile carcinogenic solvent, has been used in industrial chemical production and as a dry cleaning ingredient.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.1 ppb
    0.00237 ppb
    0.00139 ppb
    0.0211 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of carbon tetrachloride in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.1 ppb for carbon tetrachloride was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0211 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0211 ppb No No

  • Chlorate


    Chlorate forms in drinking water as a byproduct of disinfection. Chlorate impairs thyroid function, making chlorate exposure most harmful during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    210 ppb
    114.9 ppb
    91.9 ppb
    21.2 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chlorate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 210 ppb for chlorate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 21.2 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    21.2 ppb No No

  • Chloroform


    Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    11.5 ppb
    16.8 ppb
    0.0477 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0477 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0477 ppb No No

  • Chromium (total)


    Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.634 ppb
    0.380 ppb
    0.0709 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0709 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0709 ppb No No

  • cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene


    1,2-Dichloroethylene, a neurotoxic solvent, exists in two different forms: trans-1,2-dichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene. A mixture of the two forms is used to manufacture other solvents and chemical products.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00751 ppb
    0.0170 ppb
    0.595 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.595 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.595 ppb No No

  • Cobalt


    Cobalt is a metal found throughout the environment; people may be exposed to cobalt in air, food and drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    70 ppb
    0.0926 ppb
    0.209 ppb
    0.879 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of cobalt in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 70 ppb for cobalt was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.879 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.879 ppb No No

  • Dibromochloromethane


    Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.1 ppb
    3.00 ppb
    2.75 ppb
    0.0266 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dibromochloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.1 ppb for dibromochloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0266 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0266 ppb No No

  • Dichlorodifluoromethane


    Dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon-12) is a refrigerant, solvent and aerosol propellant banned in 2000 under the Montreal Protocol because of its ozone-depleting properties. Freons can cause heart, nervous system and liver damage.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00158 ppb
    0.00413 ppb
    0.955 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.955 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.955 ppb No No

  • MTBE


    MTBE was used as gasoline oxygenation additive to boost the octane number. In 2005, MTBE was replaced by ethanol as a gasoline additive. MTBE causes cancers in rats.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    13 ppb
    0.0296 ppb
    0.00515 ppb
    0.00832 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of MTBE in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 13 ppb for MTBE was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.00832 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.00832 ppb No No

  • Strontium


    Strontium is a metal that accumulates in the bones. Radioactive strontium-90 can cause bone cancer and leukemia, and any form of strontium at high doses can harm bone health.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,500 ppb
    329.6 ppb
    127.4 ppb
    43.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of strontium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,500 ppb for strontium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against harm to bones.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 43.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    43.0 ppb No No

  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)


    Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.15 ppb
    23.7 ppb
    26.1 ppb
    0.0718 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.15 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and represents a one-in-one-million lifetime cancer risk level. as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0718 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0718 ppb No No

  • Trichlorofluoromethane


    Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11) is a refrigerant, solvent and aerosol propellant banned in 2000 under the Montreal Protocol because of its ozone-depleting properties. Freons can cause heart, nervous system and liver damage.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,300 ppb
    0.00474 ppb
    0.00273 ppb
    0.733 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichlorofluoromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,300 ppb for trichlorofluoromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.733 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.733 ppb No No

  • Vanadium


    Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    21 ppb
    2.05 ppb
    0.126 ppb
    0.0514 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of vanadium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0514 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0514 ppb No No

Want to filter these contaminants out?

Pollution sources

Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.

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Agriculture

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Industry

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Treatment
byproducts

tear drop 5
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Runoff &
sprawl

teardrop 6
naturally occuring icon

Naturally
occuring

teardrop 9

  • Chlorate
  • Nitrate and nitrite
  • Nitrate
  • Perchlorate
  • Chlorate
  • Barium
  • Chromium (total)
  • Manganese
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Cobalt
  • Vanadium
  • 1,4-Dioxane
  • Dichlorodifluoromethane
  • Trichlorofluoromethane
  • MTBE
  • cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
  • 1,1-Dichloroethane
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
  • Carbon tetrachloride
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
  • Perchlorate
  • Barium
  • Chromium (total)
  • Manganese
  • Nitrate and nitrite
  • Nitrate
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Cobalt
  • Vanadium
  • Nitrate and nitrite
  • Nitrate
  • 1,4-Dioxane
  • Trichlorofluoromethane
  • MTBE
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
  • Chlorate
  • Chloroform
  • Bromoform
  • Dibromochloromethane
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Specific water contaminants can come from more than one source.

Garden City compliance with legally mandated federal standards

  • From October 2015 to September 2018, Garden City complied with health-based drinking water standards.
Information in this section on Garden City comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database. Click here for more information for this utility.

Other contaminants tested


Contaminants detected between 2010 and 2014 and were not part of EPA's UCMR-3 testing program:

Cadmium, Selenium, Pentachlorophenol, Trichloroethylene

 

Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2010 to 2015:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, 1,3-Butadiene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin), 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), 2,4-D, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldicarb, Aldicarb sulfone, Aldicarb sulfoxide, Aldrin, Antimony, Arsenic, Atrazine, Benzene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Beryllium, Bromobenzene, Bromochloromethane, Bromodichloromethane, Bromomethane, Butachlor, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Chlordane, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, cis-1,3-Dichloropropene, Cyanide, Dalapon, Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Dibromomethane, Dicamba, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Dieldrin, Dinoseb, Diquat, Endothall, Endrin, Ethylbenzene, Ethylene dibromide, Fluoride, Glyphosate, Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Isopropylbenzene, Lindane, m-Dichlorobenzene, m-Xylene, Mercury (inorganic), Methomyl, Methoxychlor, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Molybdenum, Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene), n-Butylbenzene, n-Propylbenzene, Nitrite, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, o-Xylene, Oxamyl (Vydate), p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, p-Isopropyltoluene, p-Xylene, Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA), Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS), Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), Picloram, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Propachlor, sec-Butylbenzene, Silver, Simazine, Styrene, tert-Butylbenzene, Thallium, Toluene, Toxaphene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, trans-1,3-Dichloropropene, Vinyl chloride