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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Fluoride

City of Auburn

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.

 

39

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND60ND
2013ND60ND
2014ND60ND
2015ND50ND
2016ND60ND
2017ND100ND

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-07-1843812ND
2012-07-1843813ND
2012-07-1843814ND
2012-07-1843815ND
2012-07-1843816ND
2012-07-1843811ND
2013-07-0248395ND
2013-07-0248394ND
2013-07-0248393ND
2013-07-0248392ND
2013-07-0248391ND
2013-10-0850045ND
2014-08-2653706ND
2014-08-2653707ND
2014-08-2653708ND
2014-08-2653709ND
2014-08-2653722ND
2014-08-2653723ND
2015-08-1958150ND
2015-08-1958148ND
2015-08-1958153ND
2015-08-1958151ND
2015-08-1958149ND
2016-08-03ND
2016-08-03ND
2016-08-03ND
2016-08-03ND
2016-08-03ND
2016-08-17ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-08-16ND
2017-11-28ND
2017-12-05ND