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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Sandy City Water System

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

32

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND160ND
2013N/A00N/A
2014ND50ND
2015ND50ND
2016ND40ND
2017ND20ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Result
2012-06-14ND
2012-06-15ND
2012-06-15ND
2012-08-02ND
2012-08-03ND
2012-08-03ND
2012-08-07ND
2012-08-07ND
2012-08-08ND
2012-08-08ND
2012-08-08ND
2012-08-09ND
2012-10-09ND
2012-10-09ND
2012-11-27ND
2012-11-27ND
2014-02-20ND
2014-05-30ND
2014-05-30ND
2014-06-25ND
2014-07-21ND
2015-02-25ND
2015-07-06ND
2015-07-14ND
2015-07-16ND
2015-07-22ND
2016-06-14ND
2016-06-21ND
2016-06-22ND
2016-06-22ND
2017-06-22ND
2017-09-01ND