EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE



West Wise Special Utility District

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20120.1000 ppm110.1000 ppm
20130.160 ppm110.160 ppm
20140.192 ppm110.192 ppm
20150.209 ppm110.209 ppm
20160.0605 ppm110.0605 ppm
20170.0750 ppm110.0750 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-02-2812027420020.1000 ppm
2013-02-0413020590020.160 ppm
2014-03-19Q14090010010.192 ppm
2015-03-23Q15108610030.209 ppm
2016-03-17Q16111400100.0605 ppm
2017-02-27Q17083240020.0750 ppm