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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Haloacetic acids (HAA5)

City of Georgetown

Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid. Read More.

Haloacetic acids are harmful during pregnancy and may increase the risk of cancer. Haloacetic acids are genotoxic, which means that they induce mutations and DNA damage. Multiple studies by the National Toxicology Program have demonstrated the cancer-causing properties of individual haloacetic acids in laboratory animals. The Department of Health and Human Services is currently considering listing di- or tri-haloacetic acids for possible inclusion in its comprehensive Report on Carcinogens.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

184

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

168

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
201211.1 ppb2019ND - 22.9 ppb
20139.09 ppb3227ND - 19.2 ppb
20146.14 ppb3230ND - 13.5 ppb
201513.6 ppb3228ND - 33.8 ppb
201615.1 ppb3632ND - 33.0 ppb
201713.7 ppb32329.40 ppb - 18.8 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.1 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.1 ppb for the group of five haloacetic acids, or HAA5, was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and represents a on-in-a-million lifetime cancer risk level. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 60 ppb

The legal limit for the group of five haloacetic acids (HAA5), established in 1998, was based on the need for residual disinfectant levels in water served to customers and the cost of treatment. This limit does not fully protect against the risk of cancer and harm to the developing fetus due to exposure to haloacetic acids.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-19AB782001.40 ppb
2012-01-19AB7819610.3 ppb
2012-01-19AB7819911.8 ppb
2012-01-19AB7819711.3 ppb
2012-04-12AB867821.20 ppb
2012-04-12AB867804.40 ppb
2012-04-12AB8678321.0 ppb
2012-04-12AB8678120.9 ppb
2012-07-12AB951473.40 ppb
2012-07-12AB951461.10 ppb
2012-07-12AB9514821.7 ppb
2012-07-12AB9514922.9 ppb
2012-12-11121242600920.0 ppb
2012-12-11121242601021.8 ppb
2012-12-1112124260115.10 ppb
2012-12-1112124260122.60 ppb
2012-12-11121242601317.5 ppb
2012-12-111212426014ND
2012-12-1112124260152.70 ppb
2012-12-11121242601621.7 ppb
2013-02-12130234001616.2 ppb
2013-02-12130234001714.4 ppb
2013-02-1213023400184.20 ppb
2013-02-1213023400192.70 ppb
2013-02-12130234002015.7 ppb
2013-02-1213023400213.20 ppb
2013-02-12130234002211.1 ppb
2013-02-12130234002312.9 ppb
2013-06-03Q130182700511.9 ppb
2013-06-03Q130182700617.1 ppb
2013-06-03Q13018270071.000 ppb
2013-06-03Q13018270081.20 ppb
2013-06-03Q130182700917.9 ppb
2013-06-03Q1301827010ND
2013-06-03Q13018270111.20 ppb
2013-06-03Q130182701217.6 ppb
2013-08-29Q130658200118.6 ppb
2013-08-29Q130658200219.2 ppb
2013-08-29Q1306582003ND
2013-08-29Q13065820042.30 ppb
2013-08-29Q130658200518.1 ppb
2013-08-29Q1306582006ND
2013-08-29Q130658200712.3 ppb
2013-08-29Q130658200818.3 ppb
2013-11-18Q131368000111.3 ppb
2013-11-18Q131368000213.0 ppb
2013-11-18Q13136800033.00 ppb
2013-11-18Q13136800041.000 ppb
2013-11-18Q131368000512.6 ppb
2013-11-18Q1313680006ND
2013-11-18Q1313680007ND
2013-11-18Q131368000812.9 ppb
2014-02-26AC447678.90 ppb
2014-02-26AC4477210.5 ppb
2014-02-26AC447662.10 ppb
2014-02-26AC447701.70 ppb
2014-02-26AC4476910.4 ppb
2014-02-26AC447731.80 ppb
2014-02-26AC4477112.4 ppb
2014-02-26AC4476810.8 ppb
2014-06-04AC560128.10 ppb
2014-06-04AC5603413.5 ppb
2014-06-04AC560212.30 ppb
2014-06-04AC560233.60 ppb
2014-06-04AC560221.50 ppb
2014-06-04AC560164.50 ppb
2014-06-04AC560158.40 ppb
2014-06-04AC560132.50 ppb
2014-09-25AC6830010.9 ppb
2014-09-25AC6830112.1 ppb
2014-09-25AC683093.20 ppb
2014-09-25AC683033.20 ppb
2014-09-25AC6829911.1 ppb
2014-09-25AC683101.40 ppb
2014-09-25AC683044.60 ppb
2014-09-25AC6830212.5 ppb
2014-12-05AC737192.80 ppb
2014-12-05AC737128.70 ppb
2014-12-05AC73714ND
2014-12-05AC737161.70 ppb
2014-12-05AC737177.50 ppb
2014-12-05AC73713ND
2014-12-05AC737185.60 ppb
2014-12-05AC737158.20 ppb
2015-03-05AC8268224.4 ppb
2015-03-05AC8268519.6 ppb
2015-03-05AC82715ND
2015-03-05AC827161.50 ppb
2015-03-05AC827146.30 ppb
2015-03-05AC826833.10 ppb
2015-03-05AC8268415.2 ppb
2015-03-05AC827177.60 ppb
2015-06-11AC9578913.8 ppb
2015-06-11AC9578629.3 ppb
2015-06-11AC957879.80 ppb
2015-06-11AC957942.40 ppb
2015-06-11AC9578528.6 ppb
2015-06-11AC957881.20 ppb
2015-06-11AC957902.30 ppb
2015-06-11AC9579221.3 ppb
2015-09-15AD0709331.5 ppb
2015-09-15AD0709530.4 ppb
2015-09-15AD070871.000 ppb
2015-09-15AD070921.70 ppb
2015-09-15AD0710327.2 ppb
2015-09-15AD07096ND
2015-09-15AD070971.70 ppb
2015-09-15AD0709426.0 ppb
2015-12-10AD1647532.9 ppb
2015-12-10AD1648530.9 ppb
2015-12-10AD16486ND
2015-12-10AD164781.70 ppb
2015-12-10AD1649228.2 ppb
2015-12-10AD16479ND
2015-12-10AD164911.000 ppb
2015-12-10AD1647733.8 ppb
2016-02-09AD2267920.4 ppb
2016-02-09AD2268320.0 ppb
2016-02-09AD226811.40 ppb
2016-02-09AD226841.40 ppb
2016-02-09AD2268220.3 ppb
2016-02-09AD22702ND
2016-02-09AD226851.20 ppb
2016-02-09AD2269820.8 ppb
2016-04-21AD337457.00 ppb
2016-04-21AD3374023.6 ppb
2016-04-21AD33744ND
2016-04-21AD337411.80 ppb
2016-04-21AD3374224.0 ppb
2016-04-21AD337431.000 ppb
2016-04-21AD337461.80 ppb
2016-04-21AD3374721.2 ppb
2016-09-09AD4861733.0 ppb
2016-09-09AD4861830.5 ppb
2016-09-09AD4861110.4 ppb
2016-09-09AD486092.00 ppb
2016-09-09AD4860727.8 ppb
2016-09-09AD48612ND
2016-09-09AD4862424.4 ppb
2016-09-09AD4861026.6 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506719.9 ppb
2016-10-27AD5505621.7 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506424.1 ppb
2016-10-27AD550631.50 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506122.6 ppb
2016-10-27AD55057ND
2016-10-27AD5505918.5 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506023.8 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506224.4 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506520.1 ppb
2016-10-27AD5505824.7 ppb
2016-10-27AD5506621.6 ppb
2017-01-23AD6603412.0 ppb
2017-01-23AD6602716.6 ppb
2017-01-23AD6601515.1 ppb
2017-01-23AD6602814.8 ppb
2017-01-23AD6602915.8 ppb
2017-01-23AD6603714.6 ppb
2017-01-23AD6603815.5 ppb
2017-01-23AD6603018.8 ppb
2017-04-05AD784839.40 ppb
2017-04-05AD7847812.5 ppb
2017-04-05AD7847612.7 ppb
2017-04-05AD7847513.5 ppb
2017-04-05AD7848613.1 ppb
2017-04-05AD7848413.6 ppb
2017-04-05AD7848013.1 ppb
2017-04-05AD7847213.6 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846510.6 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846311.9 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846414.4 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846015.5 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846114.3 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846611.7 ppb
2017-07-06AD8846210.1 ppb
2017-07-06AD8845911.5 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065212.7 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065313.0 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065413.2 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065514.3 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065615.7 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065714.8 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065816.8 ppb
2017-10-13AE0065914.5 ppb