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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

City of Houston

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

166

Samples

1

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

1

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND410ND
20130.0274 ppb231ND - 0.630 ppb
2014ND140ND
20150.227 ppb363ND - 6.20 ppb
20160.0288 ppb261ND - 0.750 ppb
20170.138 ppb264ND - 1.40 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-31AB79849ND
2012-01-31AB79852ND
2012-01-31AB79850ND
2012-01-31AB79847ND
2012-01-31AB79851ND
2012-02-01AB79844ND
2012-02-01AB79843ND
2012-02-01AB79846ND
2012-02-01AB79845ND
2012-04-10AB86429ND
2012-04-10AB86427ND
2012-04-10AB86430ND
2012-04-10AB86428ND
2012-04-10AB86431ND
2012-05-23AB90945ND
2012-05-23AB90946ND
2012-05-23AB90939ND
2012-05-23AB90943ND
2012-05-23AB90942ND
2012-05-23AB90944ND
2012-06-11AB92217ND
2012-06-12AB92383ND
2012-06-12AB92386ND
2012-06-12AB92384ND
2012-07-24AB96072ND
2012-07-24AB96069ND
2012-07-24AB96067ND
2012-07-24AB96071ND
2012-07-24AB96070ND
2012-07-24AB96066ND
2012-07-24AB96068ND
2012-07-24AB96065ND
2012-11-08AC04926ND
2012-11-08AC04924ND
2012-11-08AC04928ND
2012-11-08AC04925ND
2012-11-19AC05465ND
2012-11-19AC05463ND
2012-11-19AC05461ND
2012-11-19AC05464ND
2012-11-19AC05462ND
2013-02-25AC11627ND
2013-02-25AC11624ND
2013-02-25AC116300.630 ppb
2013-02-25AC11628ND
2013-02-25AC11629ND
2013-02-26AC11849ND
2013-03-11AC12965ND
2013-03-11AC12968ND
2013-03-11AC12966ND
2013-03-11AC12969ND
2013-06-12AC22141ND
2013-06-12AC22140ND
2013-06-12AC22138ND
2013-06-13AC22146ND
2013-06-13AC22139ND
2013-08-08AC27277ND
2013-08-08AC27276ND
2013-08-08AC27278ND
2013-08-08AC27274ND
2013-08-08AC27275ND
2013-10-24AC33318ND
2013-12-16AC37695ND
2013-12-17AC37823ND
2014-02-03AC41128ND
2014-03-14AC47183ND
2014-03-14AC47184ND
2014-03-14AC47185ND
2014-04-16AC50928ND
2014-04-16AC50929ND
2014-04-17AC51177ND
2014-06-03AC55831ND
2014-06-03AC55826ND
2014-07-15AC59733ND
2014-07-15AC59729ND
2014-10-08AC69250ND
2014-12-18AC75488ND
2014-12-18AC75489ND
2015-03-04AC83061ND
2015-03-04AC83059ND
2015-03-05AC830641.20 ppb
2015-03-05AC83065ND
2015-03-24AC85944ND
2015-06-04AC94707ND
2015-06-04AC947050.760 ppb
2015-06-04AC94710ND
2015-06-04AC94709ND
2015-06-04AC94706ND
2015-06-04AC94708ND
2015-07-22AD00679ND
2015-07-22AD00678ND
2015-09-17AD07649ND
2015-09-17AD07648ND
2015-10-22AD11601ND
2015-10-22AD11600ND
2015-10-22AD11602ND
2015-10-22AD11596ND
2015-10-22AD11599ND
2015-10-22AD11598ND
2015-10-22AD11597ND
2015-11-12AD13457ND
2015-11-12AD13444ND
2015-11-12AD13456ND
2015-11-12AD13453ND
2015-11-12AD134436.20 ppb
2015-11-12AD13452ND
2015-11-12AD13455ND
2015-11-12AD13454ND
2015-11-16AD13699ND
2015-11-16AD13701ND
2015-11-16AD13700ND
2015-11-17AD13907ND
2015-12-08AD16048ND
2015-12-08AD16049ND
2016-03-03AD27014ND
2016-03-16AD29223ND
2016-03-16AD29222ND
2016-03-17AD29432ND
2016-03-17AD29430ND
2016-03-17AD29435ND
2016-03-17AD29433ND
2016-03-23AD30249ND
2016-03-23AD30250ND
2016-03-23AD30248ND
2016-03-23AD30251ND
2016-06-08AD39863ND
2016-06-08AD39861ND
2016-06-08AD398620.750 ppb
2016-06-08AD39860ND
2016-06-15AD40829ND
2016-06-16AD41041ND
2016-06-16AD41042ND
2016-09-20AD50459ND
2016-09-20AD50460ND
2016-09-21AD50889ND
2016-09-21AD50890ND
2016-10-06AD52704ND
2016-10-06AD52706ND
2016-10-06AD52705ND
2016-12-02AD60483ND
2017-01-26AD67327ND
2017-01-26AD67326ND
2017-02-28AD72614ND
2017-02-28AD72615ND
2017-03-01AD728831.40 ppb
2017-03-01AD728820.920 ppb
2017-03-02AD732830.670 ppb
2017-03-02AD732840.610 ppb
2017-03-28AD77273ND
2017-03-28AD77274ND
2017-04-27AD81596ND
2017-04-27AD81598ND
2017-04-27AD81597ND
2017-07-06AD88548ND
2017-07-06AD88549ND
2017-07-25AD90675ND
2017-07-26AD90935ND
2017-07-26AD90934ND
2017-09-11AD95633ND
2017-09-11AD95634ND
2017-09-26AD98128ND
2017-09-26AD98129ND
2017-09-26AD98130ND
2017-11-07AE03932ND
2017-11-07AE03938ND
2017-12-04AE06640ND