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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)

Emmaus Borough Public Water

Perfluorononanoic acid, otherwise known as PFNA or C9, is a PFC similar in function and use to PFOA. These chemicals were used in the production of non-stick, stain repellent and chemically inert coatings. Click here to read more about perfluorinated chemicals.

 

8

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

1

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
20142.75 ppt81ND - 22.0 ppt
2015N/A00N/A
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppt = parts per trillion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 1 ppt

The EWG Health Guideline of 1 ppt for perfluorononanoic acid was defined by EWG based on studies by Phillipe Grandjean of Harvard University and many other independent researchers who found reduced effectiveness of vaccines and adverse impacts on mammary gland development from exposure to PFOA and PFOS, the two PFAS most widely detected in drinking water. This health guideline applies to the entire class of PFAS detected in water.

ppt = parts per trillion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-01-2335124615013AMND
2014-01-2335124615009AMND
2014-01-2335124615005AMND
2014-03-2435132081016AM22.0 ppt
2014-07-1735147509007AMND
2014-07-1735147509003AMND
2014-08-2835153929001AMND
2014-08-2835153929004AMND