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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Emmaus Borough Public Water

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

16

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
2014ND80ND
2015N/A00N/A
2016N/A00N/A
2017ND80ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-05-27140021797ND
2014-05-27140021795ND
2014-05-27140021798ND
2014-05-27140021796ND
2014-08-2814090144-016ND
2014-08-2814090144-010ND
2014-08-2814090144-014ND
2014-08-2814090144-012ND
2017-05-2416304197ND
2017-05-2416304194ND
2017-05-2416304196ND
2017-05-2416304195ND
2017-08-3116771683ND
2017-08-3116771684ND
2017-08-3116771685ND
2017-08-3116771682ND