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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Cadmium

Emmaus Borough Public Water

Cadmium is a toxic metal found in food and drinking water. It has been linked to kidney toxicity, bone damage, cancer, and damage to developing fetuses.

 

8

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND40ND
2013N/A00N/A
2014N/A00N/A
2015ND40ND
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.04 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.04 ppb for cadmium was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The legal limit for cadmium, established in 1991, was based on research studies of cadmium toxicity conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to cadmium exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-05-15120019154ND
2012-05-15120019155ND
2012-05-15120019156ND
2012-05-15120019153ND
2015-02-2412435044ND
2015-02-2412435057ND
2015-02-2412435073ND
2015-02-2412435079ND