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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)

Aqua Pa Uwchlan

Dry cleaning chemical tetrachloroethylene, or perc, can cause cancer. It pollutes soil and groundwater due to emissions from dry cleaning facilities, and automotive, metalworking and other industries. Read More.

The EPA considers tetrachloroethylene a likely human carcinogen. It has been linked with increased incidence of lung, breast and colon cancers. Tetrachloroethylene also damages the liver, kidneys and central nervous system. The California public health goal of 0.06 parts per billion, set to protect against cancer, is 80 times lower than the amount allowed by the federal government, which is a Maximum Contaminant Level of 5 parts per billion.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

36

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND60ND
2013ND60ND
2014ND60ND
2015ND60ND
2016ND60ND
2017ND60ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.06 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.06 ppb for tetrachloroethylene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The legal limit for tetrachloroethylene, established in 1991, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set. This limit does not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to tetrachloroethylene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-02-06AD37757ND
2012-02-06AD37758ND
2012-02-23AD39504ND
2012-02-23AD39503ND
2012-02-29AD39501ND
2012-05-25AD49447ND
2013-02-05AD79498ND
2013-02-05AD79499ND
2013-02-20AD80828ND
2013-02-20AD80829ND
2013-03-05AD82342ND
2013-05-21AD90752ND
2014-02-06AE22430ND
2014-02-14AE22385ND
2014-02-14AE22387ND
2014-02-21AE23946ND
2014-02-21AE23943ND
2014-04-23AE29861ND
2015-02-0312395464ND
2015-02-0312395548ND
2015-02-0312395506ND
2015-02-0312395527ND
2015-02-0412395443ND
2015-02-0412395485ND
2016-01-2213746225ND
2016-01-2213746246ND
2016-01-2213746267ND
2016-01-2213746288ND
2016-02-1013864192ND
2016-02-1013864213ND
2017-03-2815787965ND
2017-03-2815787986ND
2017-04-1915928772ND
2017-04-1915928793ND
2017-04-2115928751ND
2017-06-2116249816ND