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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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1,4-Dioxane

Aqua Pa Bensalem

1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff. Read More.

Animal studies show that 1,4-dioxane can target the liver, kidneys and respiratory system, and that prenatal exposure can harm the developing fetus. The State of California has set a Public Heatlh Goal of no more than 1 part per billion of 1,4-dioxane in drinking water. The state of Massachusetts sets a legal limit of 0.3 ppb, and New Hampshire's limit is 3 parts per billion. There is no national drinking water standard for this contaminant.

Click here to read more about 1,4-dioxane.

 

12

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

1

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
20140.264 ppb93ND - 2.20 ppb
20150.0727 ppb32ND - 0.140 ppb
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.35 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-05-21201405240050AM0.0750 ppb
2014-05-23201405240048AMND
2014-05-23201405240059AMND
2014-08-27201408290803AMND
2014-08-27201408300029ND
2014-08-27201408290806AMND
2014-11-19201411210528AM2.20 ppb
2014-11-21201411250576AMND
2014-11-21201411250588AM0.1000 ppb
2015-02-18201502200338AMND
2015-02-18201502200347AM0.140 ppb
2015-02-20201502250797AM0.0780 ppb