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EWG's Tap Water Database

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1,4-Dioxane

Del-Co Water Company Inc.

1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff. Read More.

Animal studies show that 1,4-dioxane can target the liver, kidneys and respiratory system, and that prenatal exposure can harm the developing fetus. The State of California has set a Public Heatlh Goal of no more than 1 part per billion of 1,4-dioxane in drinking water. The state of Massachusetts sets a legal limit of 0.3 ppb, and New Hampshire's limit is 3 parts per billion. There is no national drinking water standard for this contaminant.

Click here to read more about 1,4-dioxane.

 

12

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2010N/A00N/A
2011N/A00N/A
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
2014ND100ND
2015ND20ND

ppb = parts per billion.

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 0.35 ppb

The health guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion.

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-05-05201405060353AMND
2014-05-13201405140518AMND
2014-05-13201405140512AMND
2014-05-21201405220455AMND
2014-08-05201408060357AMND
2014-08-12201408130376AMND
2014-08-19201408210450AMND
2014-11-17201411180174AMND
2014-11-17201411180487AMND
2014-11-18201411190573AMND
2015-02-10201502110515AMND
2015-02-11201502120616AMND