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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE

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Chloroform

NJ American Water - West Jersey

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Read More.

In addition to tap water disinfection, chloroform pollution in the environment also comes from industrial discharges from pulp and paper mills, and from urban wastewater effluent. Human studies show that chloroform damages the kidneys, liver and central nervous system. In animals, chloroform causes infertility, birth defects and cancer.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

12

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

12

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20140.700 ppb220.600 ppb - 0.800 ppb
20150.850 ppb220.700 ppb - 1.000 ppb
20161.35 ppb221.30 ppb - 1.40 ppb
20170.600 ppb220.500 ppb - 0.700 ppb
20181.000 ppb220.800 ppb - 1.20 ppb
20191.10 ppb220.900 ppb - 1.30 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-07-22261676010.600 ppb
2014-07-22261677010.800 ppb
2015-07-22296994011.000 ppb
2015-07-22296995010.700 ppb
2016-07-21328279011.30 ppb
2016-07-21328280011.40 ppb
2017-07-21364640010.700 ppb
2017-07-21364641010.500 ppb
2018-07-23404228011.20 ppb
2018-07-23404229010.800 ppb
2019-07-22451759011.30 ppb
2019-07-22451758010.900 ppb