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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Edina

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

31

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND10ND
2013ND100ND
2014ND50ND
2015N/A00N/A
2016ND140ND
2017ND10ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-03-2712C0954-01ND
2013-02-2713B1315-01ND
2013-05-3013E2572-01ND
2013-05-3013E2572-02ND
2013-05-3013E2572-04ND
2013-07-2513G2163-01ND
2013-07-2513G2162-02ND
2013-07-2513G2159-02ND
2013-07-2513G2159-01ND
2013-12-1213L0421-01ND
2013-12-1213L0421-02ND
2014-08-2014H1841-02ND
2014-08-2014H1844-02ND
2014-08-2014H1844-03ND
2014-11-1914K0831-02ND
2014-11-1914K0831-01ND
2016-04-113428615ND
2016-04-113428663ND
2016-04-113428679ND
2016-04-113428700ND
2016-06-203475893ND
2016-06-213478339ND
2016-06-213475937ND
2016-06-213475908ND
2016-06-213475818ND
2016-07-213500709ND
2016-07-213500714ND
2016-07-213500792ND
2016-07-213500797ND
2016-07-263504268ND
2017-07-2617G1803-01ND