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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Chloroform

Kingston Water Department

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Read More.

In addition to tap water disinfection, chloroform pollution in the environment also comes from industrial discharges from pulp and paper mills, and from urban wastewater effluent. Human studies show that chloroform damages the kidneys, liver and central nervous system. In animals, chloroform causes infertility, birth defects and cancer.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

35

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

8

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
2014N/A00N/A
2015N/A00N/A
20160.313 ppb168ND - 0.900 ppb
2017ND190ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Result
2016-05-100.700 ppb
2016-05-100.900 ppb
2016-05-100.800 ppb
2016-06-09ND
2016-06-09ND
2016-06-090.600 ppb
2016-06-09ND
2016-06-09ND
2016-06-09ND
2016-08-090.500 ppb
2016-08-090.500 ppb
2016-08-090.500 ppb
2016-08-09ND
2016-11-080.500 ppb
2016-11-08ND
2016-11-08ND
2017-03-28ND
2017-03-28ND
2017-03-28ND
2017-05-17ND
2017-05-17ND
2017-05-17ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-06-20ND
2017-08-08ND
2017-08-08ND
2017-08-08ND
2017-08-08ND
2017-11-07ND
2017-11-07ND
2017-11-07ND