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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Styrene

Palmer Water District No.1

Styrene is a volatile cancer-causing chemical used for manufacturing Styrofoam (polystyrene) and other plastics. Releases from industrial production sites and hazardous waste landfills cause styrene contamination in drinking water. Read More.

In addition to increasing the risk of cancer, styrene can also damage the liver and the nervous system. California set a public health goal for styrene in drinking water at 0.5 parts per billion. The federal Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) allows up to 100 parts per billion of styrene in water, which is 200 times more than the California recommended level.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

44

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND70ND
2013ND130ND
2014ND90ND
2015ND50ND
2016ND50ND
2017ND50ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.5 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.5 ppb for styrene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 100 ppb

The legal limit for styrene, established in 1991, was based on a toxicity study in laboratory animals conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to styrene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Result
2012-07-18ND
2012-07-18ND
2012-07-18ND
2012-07-18ND
2012-07-18ND
2012-12-11ND
2012-12-11ND
2013-03-11ND
2013-03-11ND
2013-05-13ND
2013-05-13ND
2013-07-09ND
2013-07-09ND
2013-09-17ND
2013-09-17ND
2013-09-17ND
2013-09-17ND
2013-09-17ND
2013-12-10ND
2013-12-10ND
2014-02-18ND
2014-02-18ND
2014-09-24ND
2014-09-24ND
2014-09-24ND
2014-09-24ND
2014-09-24ND
2014-11-24ND
2014-11-24ND
2015-08-10ND
2015-08-10ND
2015-08-10ND
2015-08-10ND
2015-08-10ND
2016-08-09ND
2016-08-09ND
2016-08-09ND
2016-08-09ND
2016-08-09ND
2017-11-15ND
2017-11-15ND
2017-11-15ND
2017-11-15ND
2017-11-15ND