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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Vinyl chloride

City of Lake Charles Water System

Vinyl chloride is a known human carcinogen used for production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. Discharges from plastics manufacturing can contaminate drinking water with vinyl chloride. Read More.

Exposure to vinyl chloride increases the risk of cancer and can damage the liver and nervous system. The California public health goal of 0.05 parts per billion, set to protect against cancer, is 40 times lower than the amount allowed by the federal government, which is a Maximum Contaminant Level of 2 parts per billion.

Plastic pipes made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated PVC (CPVC) are widely used for drinking water distribution lines and internal plumbing, raising concern about vinyl chloride contamination of drinking water. A study published in 2011 by Ryan Walter of Cornell University School of Civil and Environmental Engineering suggested that small amounts of vinyl chloride can leach from PVC pipes. Vinyl chloride can also form in the pipes as a result of water disinfection with chlorine.

In an assessment completed in 2000, California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment stated that drinking water is not a significant source of exposure to vinyl chloride for the general population.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

72

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND340ND
2013N/A00N/A
2014N/A00N/A
2015ND320ND
2016N/A00N/A
2017ND60ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.05 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.05 ppb for vinyl chloride was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 2 ppb

The legal limit for vinyl chloride, established in 1987, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to vinyl chloride exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-04-30AD65282ND
2012-04-30AD65282ND
2012-04-30AD65283ND
2012-04-30AD65284ND
2012-04-30AD65285ND
2012-04-30AD65286ND
2012-04-30AD65286ND
2012-04-30AD65285ND
2012-04-30AD65283ND
2012-04-30AD65284ND
2012-05-29AD65742ND
2012-05-29AD65743ND
2012-05-29AD65745ND
2012-05-29AD65744ND
2012-05-29AD65746ND
2012-05-29AD65745ND
2012-05-29AD65743ND
2012-05-29AD65746ND
2012-05-29AD65742ND
2012-05-29AD65744ND
2012-07-23AD67957ND
2012-07-23AD67956ND
2012-07-23AD67958ND
2012-07-23AD67960ND
2012-07-23AD67959ND
2012-07-23AD67958ND
2012-07-23AD67960ND
2012-07-23AD67959ND
2012-07-23AD67957ND
2012-07-23AD67956ND
2012-10-08AD71685ND
2012-10-08AD71683ND
2012-10-08AD71685ND
2012-10-08AD71683ND
2015-03-2335180731004ND
2015-03-2335180731003ND
2015-03-2335180731002ND
2015-03-2335180731005ND
2015-03-2335180731005ND
2015-03-2335180731001ND
2015-03-2335180731001ND
2015-03-2335180731002ND
2015-03-2335180731003ND
2015-03-2335180731004ND
2015-07-2735199384005ND
2015-07-2735199384001ND
2015-07-2735199384004ND
2015-07-2735199384003ND
2015-07-2735199384002ND
2015-07-2735199384002ND
2015-07-2735199384003ND
2015-07-2735199384004ND
2015-07-2735199384005ND
2015-07-2735199384001ND
2015-08-1035201689001ND
2015-08-1035201689004ND
2015-08-1035201689005ND
2015-08-1035201689002ND
2015-08-1035201689005ND
2015-08-1035201689004ND
2015-08-1035201689003ND
2015-08-1035201689001ND
2015-08-1035201689002ND
2015-08-1035201689003ND
2015-09-2135208328005ND
2015-09-2135208328005ND
2017-12-1835365007003ND
2017-12-1835365007001ND
2017-12-1835365007001ND
2017-12-1835365007002ND
2017-12-1835365007003ND
2017-12-1835365007002ND