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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Fluoride

Campbellsville Municipal Water

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.

 

12

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20120.975 ppm220.940 ppm - 1.01 ppm
20130.995 ppm220.990 ppm - 1.000 ppm
20140.910 ppm220.910 ppm
20151.000 ppm221.000 ppm
2016ND20ND
20170.800 ppm220.800 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-02-17921347010.940 ppm
2012-02-21921465011.01 ppm
2013-02-06928759011.000 ppm
2013-02-06928760010.990 ppm
2014-02-20934991010.910 ppm
2014-02-20934990010.910 ppm
2015-02-03941365011.000 ppm
2015-02-03941366011.000 ppm
2016-04-0694998801ND
2016-04-0695001001ND
2017-03-15957623010.800 ppm
2017-03-15957627010.800 ppm