Menu

EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

Donate

Perchlorate

City of Santa Barbara Water Department

Perchlorate, a component of rocket fuel, occurs both naturally and as a synthetic chemical. Ingested perchlorate interferes with thyroid function. Exposure to perchlorate during pregnancy and childhood can impair cognitive development. Read More.

According to the EPA, perchlorate likely contaminates the water of more than 16 million Americans. Perchlorate interferes with iodine uptake in the thyroid, which can result in reduced thyroid hormones and an impact on metabolism, physical development and cognitive development. Children and developing fetuses are the most at risk from perchlorate contamination.

Perchlorate is the only unregulated contaminant for which the EPA has attempted to set a federal drinking water standard since 1996. However, the agency has yet to propose a draft limit for this contaminant. Perchlorate in drinking water is regulated in Arizona, California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York and Texas. California set a public health goal of 1 part per billion for perchlorate in 2015.

Click here to read more about perchlorate.

 

19

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND20ND
2013ND30ND
2014ND50ND
2015ND20ND
2016ND30ND
2017ND40ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 1 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 1 ppb for perchlorate was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-259590-042-1111ND
2012-07-179590-004-1056ND
2013-04-299590-053-0947ND
2013-08-189590-031-1605ND
2013-10-159590-004-0835ND
2014-02-279590-031-1255ND
2014-10-219590-042-0758ND
2014-10-219590-035-0931ND
2014-10-219590-015-0843ND
2014-10-229590-004-1014ND
2015-05-129590-055-0842ND
2015-11-109590-005-1050ND
2016-11-029590-031-1120ND
2016-11-029590-053-1152ND
2016-11-029590-004-0838ND
2017-05-189590-058-1734ND
2017-11-079590-004-0955ND
2017-11-149590-042-0848ND
2017-11-149590-035-0930ND