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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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1,4-Dioxane

Mission Springs WD

1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff. Read More.

Animal studies show that 1,4-dioxane can target the liver, kidneys and respiratory system, and that prenatal exposure can harm the developing fetus. The State of California has set a Public Heatlh Goal of no more than 1 part per billion of 1,4-dioxane in drinking water. The state of Massachusetts sets a legal limit of 0.3 ppb, and New Hampshire's limit is 3 parts per billion. There is no national drinking water standard for this contaminant.

Click here to read more about 1,4-dioxane.

 

20

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013ND100ND
2014ND100ND
2015N/A00N/A
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.35 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2013-07-23201307240887AMND
2013-07-23201307240881AMND
2013-07-23201307240890AMND
2013-07-23201307240876AMND
2013-07-23201307240884AMND
2013-07-24201307260132AMND
2013-07-24201307260128AMND
2013-07-24201307260144AMND
2013-07-24201307260147AMND
2013-07-24201307260138AMND
2014-01-07201401080976AMND
2014-01-07201401080974AMND
2014-01-07201401080972AMND
2014-01-07201401080996AMND
2014-01-07201401080962AMND
2014-01-14201401150802AMND
2014-01-14201401150816AMND
2014-01-14201401150821AMND
2014-01-14201401150811AMND
2014-01-14201401150804AMND