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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Styrene

Tract 349 Mutual Water Co.

Styrene is a volatile cancer-causing chemical used for manufacturing Styrofoam (polystyrene) and other plastics. Releases from industrial production sites and hazardous waste landfills cause styrene contamination in drinking water. Read More.

In addition to increasing the risk of cancer, styrene can also damage the liver and the nervous system. California set a public health goal for styrene in drinking water at 0.5 parts per billion. The federal Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) allows up to 100 parts per billion of styrene in water, which is 200 times more than the California recommended level.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

36

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND60ND
2013ND60ND
2014ND50ND
2015ND60ND
2016ND50ND
2017ND80ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.5 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.5 ppb for styrene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 100 ppb

The legal limit for styrene, established in 1991, was based on a toxicity study in laboratory animals conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to styrene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-122706-002-0820ND
2012-01-232706-002-1230ND
2012-04-242706-002-0900ND
2012-07-122706-002-0835ND
2012-10-222706-003-1055ND
2012-10-222706-002-1040ND
2013-01-212706-002-1140ND
2013-04-162706-002-0820ND
2013-09-272706-002-0825ND
2013-10-102706-002-0914ND
2013-10-242706-002-0900ND
2013-10-242706-003-0930ND
2014-02-069588-002-0916ND
2014-04-169588-002-1015ND
2014-07-319588-002-0915ND
2014-12-099588-003-0914ND
2014-12-129588-002-0938ND
2015-03-209588-002-0930ND
2015-04-249588-002-0940ND
2015-07-309588-002-1133ND
2015-09-259588-002-0905ND
2015-10-239588-002-0932ND
2015-10-269588-003-0929ND
2016-01-299588-003-0900ND
2016-03-299588-002-0926ND
2016-05-279588-002-0915ND
2016-07-229588-002-0939ND
2016-10-149588-002-0930ND
2017-01-279588-002-0920ND
2017-02-109588-002-0850ND
2017-02-249588-003-0910ND
2017-03-109588-002-0925ND
2017-04-219588-002-0907ND
2017-07-149588-002-0915ND
2017-10-279588-002-0950ND
2017-11-179588-002-1115ND