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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Styrene

Signal Hill - City, Water Department

Styrene is a volatile cancer-causing chemical used for manufacturing Styrofoam (polystyrene) and other plastics. Releases from industrial production sites and hazardous waste landfills cause styrene contamination in drinking water. Read More.

In addition to increasing the risk of cancer, styrene can also damage the liver and the nervous system. California set a public health goal for styrene in drinking water at 0.5 parts per billion. The federal Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) allows up to 100 parts per billion of styrene in water, which is 200 times more than the California recommended level.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

43

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND20ND
2013ND20ND
2014ND20ND
2015ND20ND
2016ND20ND
2017ND330ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.5 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.5 ppb for styrene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 100 ppb

The legal limit for styrene, established in 1991, was based on a toxicity study in laboratory animals conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to styrene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-04-232706-006-0715ND
2012-10-162706-005-0930ND
2013-04-232706-006-0710ND
2013-10-222706-005-0745ND
2014-04-219588-006-1035ND
2014-10-239588-005-0940ND
2015-04-219588-006-0943ND
2015-10-229588-005-1005ND
2016-04-209588-006-1000ND
2016-10-209588-005-1110ND
2017-07-054790-021-1049ND
2017-07-054790-022-1052ND
2017-07-054790-017-1047ND
2017-08-014790-021-1320ND
2017-08-014790-017-1317ND
2017-08-014790-022-1322ND
2017-08-221805-023-1335ND
2017-08-291805-023-1042ND
2017-09-051805-023-1235ND
2017-09-051805-021-1226ND
2017-09-111805-023-1220ND
2017-09-181805-023-1250ND
2017-09-251805-023-1457ND
2017-10-021805-016-1110ND
2017-10-021805-021-1116ND
2017-10-021805-023-1123ND
2017-10-091805-023-1405ND
2017-10-161805-023-1150ND
2017-10-199588-005-1023ND
2017-10-231805-023-1400ND
2017-10-301805-023-0800ND
2017-11-061805-023-0952ND
2017-11-061805-016-0944ND
2017-11-061805-021-0939ND
2017-11-131805-023-0815ND
2017-11-201805-023-1151ND
2017-11-271805-023-0825ND
2017-12-041805-023-0830ND
2017-12-041805-021-0806ND
2017-12-041805-016-0803ND
2017-12-111805-023-0805ND
2017-12-181805-023-1310ND
2017-12-261805-023-0930ND