Menu

EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

Donate

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Pico WD

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

33

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND130ND
2013N/A00N/A
2014N/A00N/A
2015ND80ND
2016ND120ND
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-03-139588-004-0925ND
2012-03-139588-006-0940ND
2012-03-149588-011-0945ND
2012-05-089588-004-0945ND
2012-05-089588-006-1018ND
2012-05-089588-009-1005ND
2012-05-099588-002-0945ND
2012-05-099588-011-0955ND
2012-08-179588-006-0914ND
2012-08-179588-009-0927ND
2012-08-179588-011-0858ND
2012-08-219588-004-0810ND
2012-08-219588-002-0759ND
2015-05-289588-006-0937ND
2015-05-289588-009-0947ND
2015-05-289588-011-0914ND
2015-05-289588-004-0925ND
2015-08-269588-011-0957ND
2015-08-269588-009-0944ND
2015-08-269588-006-0929ND
2015-08-269588-004-1015ND
2016-09-269588-011-0842ND
2016-09-269588-009-0829ND
2016-09-269588-006-0820ND
2016-09-269588-004-0850ND
2016-11-219588-009-0900ND
2016-11-219588-006-0846ND
2016-11-219588-004-0915ND
2016-11-229588-011-0800ND
2016-12-229588-011-0837ND
2016-12-229588-009-0823ND
2016-12-229588-006-0814ND
2016-12-229588-004-0845ND