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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Chloroform

Golden State Water Company (GSWC) - Culver City

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Read More.

In addition to tap water disinfection, chloroform pollution in the environment also comes from industrial discharges from pulp and paper mills, and from urban wastewater effluent. Human studies show that chloroform damages the kidneys, liver and central nervous system. In animals, chloroform causes infertility, birth defects and cancer.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

92

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

86

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20121.28 ppb126ND - 4.20 ppb
201312.2 ppb16161.10 ppb - 25.0 ppb
201412.0 ppb16167.20 ppb - 18.0 ppb
201511.5 ppb16163.90 ppb - 19.0 ppb
20167.81 ppb16161.30 ppb - 17.0 ppb
20171.58 ppb16161.10 ppb - 2.30 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-05-012706-800-1033ND
2012-05-012706-801-11321.30 ppb
2012-05-012706-802-1021ND
2012-05-012706-803-1001ND
2012-08-062706-801-11491.70 ppb
2012-08-062706-802-0957ND
2012-08-062706-800-1037ND
2012-08-062706-803-0930ND
2012-11-052706-802-09583.50 ppb
2012-11-052706-801-11034.20 ppb
2012-11-052706-800-09151.60 ppb
2012-11-052706-803-09393.00 ppb
2013-02-122706-803-09305.30 ppb
2013-02-122706-800-09006.40 ppb
2013-02-122706-801-104610.00 ppb
2013-02-122706-802-09566.80 ppb
2013-05-132706-800-092414.0 ppb
2013-05-132706-801-103117.0 ppb
2013-05-132706-802-090714.0 ppb
2013-05-132706-803-085515.0 ppb
2013-08-052706-802-100925.0 ppb
2013-08-052706-800-093118.0 ppb
2013-08-052706-803-095424.0 ppb
2013-08-052706-801-105816.0 ppb
2013-11-052706-802-10128.20 ppb
2013-11-052706-800-10301.10 ppb
2013-11-052706-801-11465.30 ppb
2013-11-052706-803-09499.60 ppb
2014-02-032706-802-102311.0 ppb
2014-02-032706-801-111610.00 ppb
2014-02-032706-803-100311.0 ppb
2014-02-032706-800-093011.0 ppb
2014-05-052706-801-10548.40 ppb
2014-05-052706-800-08447.20 ppb
2014-05-052706-803-09339.60 ppb
2014-05-052706-802-095611.0 ppb
2014-08-042706-803-091516.0 ppb
2014-08-042706-800-083518.0 ppb
2014-08-042706-802-094716.0 ppb
2014-08-042706-801-105916.0 ppb
2014-11-032706-802-105312.0 ppb
2014-11-032706-803-102112.0 ppb
2014-11-032706-800-092112.0 ppb
2014-11-032706-801-105811.0 ppb
2015-02-032706-802-09288.10 ppb
2015-02-032706-803-09017.70 ppb
2015-02-032706-801-09589.20 ppb
2015-02-032706-800-082910.00 ppb
2015-05-052706-800-072319.0 ppb
2015-05-052706-801-092114.0 ppb
2015-05-052706-802-081719.0 ppb
2015-05-052706-803-075314.0 ppb
2015-08-042706-800-085517.0 ppb
2015-08-042706-801-114011.0 ppb
2015-08-042706-802-091516.0 ppb
2015-08-042706-803-084513.0 ppb
2015-11-092706-803-09555.10 ppb
2015-11-092706-800-08233.90 ppb
2015-11-092706-801-13329.70 ppb
2015-11-092706-802-11287.20 ppb
2016-02-012706-802-124111.0 ppb
2016-02-012706-803-12579.00 ppb
2016-02-012706-801-11419.60 ppb
2016-02-012706-800-11057.40 ppb
2016-05-022706-802-11386.60 ppb
2016-05-022706-800-12456.60 ppb
2016-05-022706-803-12046.80 ppb
2016-05-022706-801-10296.60 ppb
2016-08-012706-800-115512.0 ppb
2016-08-012706-802-114114.0 ppb
2016-08-012706-803-125117.0 ppb
2016-08-012706-801-104012.0 ppb
2016-11-082706-802-11441.70 ppb
2016-11-082706-803-11271.30 ppb
2016-11-082706-800-11011.40 ppb
2016-11-082706-801-12101.90 ppb
2017-02-089590-801-11141.80 ppb
2017-02-089590-800-09301.70 ppb
2017-02-089590-803-12292.30 ppb
2017-02-089590-802-12111.60 ppb
2017-05-019590-801-11322.00 ppb
2017-05-019590-803-09551.60 ppb
2017-05-019590-800-09201.50 ppb
2017-05-019590-802-10301.10 ppb
2017-08-079590-801-09401.40 ppb
2017-08-079590-803-11301.30 ppb
2017-08-079590-800-08351.30 ppb
2017-08-079590-802-11051.30 ppb
2017-11-069590-800-09231.50 ppb
2017-11-069590-801-13021.90 ppb
2017-11-069590-802-12181.50 ppb
2017-11-069590-803-11481.40 ppb