EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE



Golden State Water Company (GSWC) - Culver City

Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20132.12 ppb53ND - 4.40 ppb
20140.960 ppb51ND - 4.80 ppb
20152.76 ppb882.50 ppb - 3.00 ppb
20163.26 ppb52ND - 8.90 ppb
20170.800 ppb51ND - 4.00 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 21 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2015-01-14201501140915AM2.70 ppb
2015-01-14201501140829AM3.00 ppb
2015-04-08201504080787AM2.60 ppb
2015-04-08201504080785AM2.90 ppb
2015-07-16201507160687AM2.90 ppb
2015-07-16201507160685AM2.80 ppb
2015-10-13201510130735AM2.50 ppb
2015-10-13201510130733AM2.70 ppb