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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Chromium (total)

City of Avenal

Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

 

26

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
20140.308 ppb18180.220 ppb - 0.360 ppb
20150.0333 ppb61ND - 0.200 ppb
2016ND10ND
2017ND10ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 100 ppb

The legal limit for total chromium, established in 1991, was based on a 1958 toxicity study in laboratory animals, and applies to both the less-toxic trivalent chromium and the more-toxic hexavalent chromium forms of this compound. This limit does not protect against the risk of cancer from ingestion of hexavalent chromium.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-02-10A4A1430-09A0.340 ppb
2014-02-10A4A1430-03A0.340 ppb
2014-02-10A4A1430-05A0.340 ppb
2014-02-10A4A1430-07A0.330 ppb
2014-02-10A4A1430-01A0.340 ppb
2014-02-10A4A1430-11A0.330 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-09A0.340 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-07A0.360 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-11A0.330 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-01A0.330 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-03A0.330 ppb
2014-05-12A4C2290-05A0.330 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-14A0.270 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-04A0.250 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-10A0.240 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-12A0.260 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-07A0.220 ppb
2014-08-11A4H0249-01A0.260 ppb
2015-01-15A4K2065-09AND
2015-01-15A4K2065-03AND
2015-01-15A4K2065-05AND
2015-01-15A4K2065-01AND
2015-01-15A4K2065-11A0.200 ppb
2015-01-15A4K2065-07AND
2016-10-129590-002-1215ND
2017-10-189590-002-0930ND