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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)

Johnson Utilities

Dry cleaning chemical tetrachloroethylene, or perc, can cause cancer. It pollutes soil and groundwater due to emissions from dry cleaning facilities, and automotive, metalworking and other industries. Read More.

The EPA considers tetrachloroethylene a likely human carcinogen. It has been linked with increased incidence of lung, breast and colon cancers. Tetrachloroethylene also damages the liver, kidneys and central nervous system. The California public health goal of 0.06 parts per billion, set to protect against cancer, is 80 times lower than the amount allowed by the federal government, which is a Maximum Contaminant Level of 5 parts per billion.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

16

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND80ND
2013N/A00N/A
2014N/A00N/A
2015ND80ND
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.06 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.06 ppb for tetrachloroethylene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The legal limit for tetrachloroethylene, established in 1991, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set. This limit does not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to tetrachloroethylene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-23201201240127VND
2012-01-23201201240128VND
2012-01-23201201240129VND
2012-01-23201201240130VND
2012-01-23201201240131VND
2012-01-23201201240133VND
2012-01-23201201240134VND
2012-01-23201201240135VND
2015-03-04201503040387VND
2015-03-04201503040388VND
2015-03-04201503040389VND
2015-03-04201503040390VND
2015-03-04201503040391VND
2015-06-17201506170544VND
2015-10-15201510150153VND
2015-10-15201510150154VND