EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE



Hot Springs Village Waterworks

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20140.382 ppm65ND - 0.520 ppm
20150.592 ppm13130.460 ppm - 0.670 ppm
20160.498 ppm13130.420 ppm - 0.580 ppm
20170.572 ppm13130.480 ppm - 0.640 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-08-271424100200.340 ppm
2014-09-111426500050.440 ppm
2014-10-29Y1430700170.520 ppm
2014-11-28Y1434200210.500 ppm
2014-12-16Y1435200280.490 ppm
2015-01-06Y1500800190.620 ppm
2015-01-13Y1502000080.480 ppm
2015-02-10Y1505000010.640 ppm
2015-03-23Y1508900090.460 ppm
2015-04-08Y1511100130.490 ppm
2015-05-18Y1514200090.480 ppm
2015-06-17Y1518000030.640 ppm
2015-07-13Y1519500230.660 ppm
2015-08-10Y1522600450.670 ppm
2015-09-21Y1526500230.650 ppm
2015-10-06Y1528500210.650 ppm
2015-11-03Y1531300410.650 ppm
2015-12-10Y1534800440.600 ppm
2016-01-04Y1600800800.420 ppm
2016-01-21Y1602700370.420 ppm
2016-02-25Y1606100290.420 ppm
2016-03-30Y1610400080.480 ppm
2016-04-21Y1611600340.480 ppm
2016-05-18Y1615200020.490 ppm
2016-06-30Y1618700450.520 ppm
2016-07-28Y1621700310.550 ppm
2016-08-24Y1624200160.510 ppm
2016-09-20Y1627000060.530 ppm
2016-10-27Y1630200010.580 ppm
2016-11-16Y1632600060.550 ppm
2016-12-22Y1636200030.530 ppm
2017-01-04Y1700500180.480 ppm
2017-01-17Y1702000030.590 ppm
2017-02-22Y1705800320.580 ppm
2017-03-22Y1708600220.610 ppm
2017-04-20Y1711400340.640 ppm
2017-05-17Y1714200150.620 ppm
2017-06-28Y1718400930.530 ppm
2017-07-25Y1721200190.560 ppm
2017-08-28Y1724800060.560 ppm
2017-09-26Y1727600090.580 ppm
2017-10-23Y1730300010.560 ppm
2017-11-29Y1733800340.580 ppm
2017-12-26Y1800200280.540 ppm