EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE


Nitrate and nitrite

New Castle

Nitrate and nitrite enter water from fertilizer runoff, septic tanks and urban runoff. These contaminants can cause oxygen deprivation for infants and increase the risk of cancer. Nitrite is significantly more toxic than nitrate. Click here to read more about nitrate.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20141.01 ppm220.780 ppm - 1.24 ppm
20151.01 ppm220.810 ppm - 1.21 ppm
20161.12 ppm220.900 ppm - 1.34 ppm
20171.05 ppm220.850 ppm - 1.25 ppm
20181.10 ppm220.870 ppm - 1.33 ppm
20191.21 ppm220.900 ppm - 1.52 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.14 ppm

The health guideline of 0.14 parts per million, or ppm, for nitrate and nitrite is based on the equivalent health guideline for nitrate, as defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG. This guideline represents a one-in-one-million annual cancer risk level.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 10 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-05-27E1403050570.780 ppm
2014-09-10E1408008071.24 ppm
2015-09-16VA010-DCLS1.21 ppm
2015-12-2100281-REI CONSUL0.810 ppm
2016-07-13E1606067491.34 ppm
2016-07-13E1606067460.900 ppm
2017-08-23E1708018231.25 ppm
2017-08-23E1708018220.850 ppm
2018-08-29E1807018551.33 ppm
2018-08-29E1807018680.870 ppm
2019-08-28E1907063791.52 ppm
2019-08-28E1907063820.900 ppm