EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE



Cadiz Municipal Water Company

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20140.550 ppm220.500 ppm - 0.600 ppm
20150.650 ppm220.500 ppm - 0.800 ppm
20160.550 ppm220.500 ppm - 0.600 ppm
20170.450 ppm220.400 ppm - 0.500 ppm
20180.750 ppm220.600 ppm - 0.900 ppm
20190.800 ppm220.600 ppm - 1.000 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-02-064020832-010.600 ppm
2014-02-064020833-010.500 ppm
2015-02-055020830-010.500 ppm
2015-02-055020831-010.800 ppm
2016-01-216020475-010.500 ppm
2016-01-216020474-010.600 ppm
2017-02-027020773-010.500 ppm
2017-02-027020772-010.400 ppm
2018-02-018021143-010.600 ppm
2018-02-018021144-010.900 ppm
2019-02-079021268-011.000 ppm
2019-02-079021269-010.600 ppm