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Product score: 05

Data Availability:

Limited

African Botanics Retinal Night Cream

African Botanics Retinal Night Cream

WHERE TO BUY

CATEGORY

Facial Moisturizer/Treatment

BRAND

African Botanics

DATA LAST UPDATED

October 2021

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: Aqua
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
SCLEROCARYA BIRREA OIL
Appeared as: Sclerocarya Birrea (Marula)** Seed Oil
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient
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Ingredient score: 01
CETEARYL ALCOHOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, opacifying agent, surfactant - foam booster, viscosity increasingagent - aqueous, viscosity increasing agent - nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, foam boosting, opacifying, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 02
CETEARYL GLUCOSIDE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - emulsifying agent, emulsifying, surfactant
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
HYDROLYZED RICE PROTEIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, antistatic, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Contamination concerns (PESTICIDES)
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Ingredient score: 05
RETINAL
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
SQUALANE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, hair conditioning, refatting, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Endocrine disruption (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
CYCLODEXTRIN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) absorbent, chelating agent, chelating
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
PENTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) solvent, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII (SHEA) BUTTER
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, viscosityincreasing agent - nonaqueous, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
CETYL ALCOHOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, fragrance ingredient, opacifying agent, surfactant - emulsifying agent;surfactant - foam booster, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, viscosity increasing agent -nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, foam boosting, masking, opacifying, surfactant, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
SORGHUM BICOLOR STALK JUICE
Appeared as: Sorghum Bi Stalk Juice
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
YEAST EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ALGAE/ SEAWEED/ KELP EXTRACT (SPECIES UNSPECIFIED)
Appeared as: Hydrolyzed Fucoidan (Laminaria) Algae Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, humectant, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient;skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous
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Ingredient score: 01
RUBUS CHAMAEMORUS SEED OIL
Appeared as: Rubus Chamaemorus (Cloud Berry) Seed Oil
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ISOAMYL LAURATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
GLYCERYL OLEATE CITRATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - emulsifying agent, emulsifying, surfactant
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Ingredient score: 01
MYRTUS COMMUNIS LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: Hydrolyzed Myrtus Communis Leaf Extract
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous
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Ingredient score: 01
CALENDULA OFFICINALIS (POT MARIGOLD) FLOWER EXTRACT
Appeared as: Calendula Officinalis (Marigold) Flower Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
HYALURONIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, antistatic, humectant, moisturising, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
MEDICAGO SATIVA (ALFALFA) EXTRACT
Appeared as: Medicago Sativa (Alfalfa) Seed Extract
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, not reported, tonic
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Ingredient score: 01
HYDROLYZED LUPINE PROTEIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, ultraviolet light absorber
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
XANTHAN GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant -emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, skin conditioning, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 03
LECITHIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant - emulsifying agent, antistatic, emollient, emulsifying, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (low)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, solvent, viscositydecreasing agent, humectant, masking, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
NIACINAMIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, smoothing
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Ingredient score: 01
PANTHENOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, antistatic, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
UBIQUINONE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 03
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
Appeared as: Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
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Ingredient score: 01
VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE) SEED OIL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, emollient, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 02
ANTHEMIS NOBILIS (CHAMOMILE) EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (low)
• Neurotoxicity (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 05
ZINC GLUCONATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) cosmetic biocide, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, deodorant, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (high)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
CROTON LECHLERI RESIN EXTRACT
Appeared as: Croton Lechleri (Dragon S Blood) Resin Extract
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA (ROSELLE) FLOWER EXTRACT
Appeared as: Rosa-Senensis (Hibiscus) Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) lytic agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
RESVERATROL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin protectant, skin protecting
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Ingredient score: 01
CAFFEINE
Appeared as: Caffein
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, masking, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
ADANSONIA DIGITATA OIL
Appeared as: Adansonia Digitata (Baobab)** Oil
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CITRULLUS VULGARIS (WATERMELON) SEED OIL
Appeared as: Citrillus Lanatus (Kalahari Melon)** Seed Oil
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SCHINZIOPHYTON RAUTANENII KERNEL OIL
Appeared as: Schinziophyton Rautanenii (Mongongo)** Kernel Oil
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) emollient
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Ingredient score: 01
ASPALATHUS LINEARIS (ROOIBOS) EXTRACT
Appeared as: Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos)* Tea Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
KIGELIA AFRICANA FRUIT EXTRACT
Appeared as: Kigelia Africana** Extract
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CYCLOPIA GENISTOIDES LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: Cyclopia Genistoides (Honeybush)* Leaf Extract
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
CUCUMIS SATIVUS (CUCUMBER) FRUIT EXTRACT
Appeared as: Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Extract
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - emollient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, emollient, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ARNICA CORDIFOLIA (ARNICA) EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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Ingredient score: 01
SALIX ALBA (WHITE WILLOW) BARK EXTRACT
Appeared as: Salix Alba (Willow Bark) Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, astringent, skin conditioning, soothing, tonic
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
CENTELLA ASIATICA (GOTU KOLA) EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
ALTHAEA OFFICINALIS (MARSHMALLOW) EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) not reported
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Ingredient score: 04
LACTIC ACID
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) exfoliant, fragrance ingredient, humectant, ph adjuster, skin-conditioning agent -humectant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, buffering, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (high)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
AZELAIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, buffering, masking
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
HUMIC ACID
Appeared as: Fulvic Acid
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 03
ROSA MOSCHATA (MUSK ROSE) SEED OIL
Appeared as: Rosa Moschata (Rosehip)* Seed Oil
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
ALOE FEROX (CAPE ALOE) LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: Aloe Ferox* Extract
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) deodorant agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT

Ingredients from packaging:

Aqua (Water), Sclerocarya Birrea (Marula)** Seed Oil, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Glucoside, Hydrolyzed Rice Protein, Retinal (Retinaldehyde), Squalane, Cyclodextrin, Pentylene Glycol, Glycerin, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Cetyl Alcohol, Sorghum Bicolor Stalk Juice, Yeast Extract, Hydrolyzed Fucoidan (Laminaria) Algae Extract, Rubus Chamaemorus (Cloud Berry) Seed Oil, Isoamyl Laurate, Glyceryl Oleate Citrate, Hydrolyzed Myrtus Communis Leaf Extract, Calendula Officinalis (Marigold) Flower Extract, Hyaluronic Acid, Medicago Sativa (Alfalfa) Seed Extract, Hydrolyzed Lupine Protein, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture (Swiss Apple Stem Cells), Xanthan Gum, Lecithin, Butylene Glycol, Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (Vitamin C), Niacinamide, Panthenol, Ubiquinone (Coq10), Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Extract, Zinc Gluconate, Croton Lechleri (Dragon S Blood) Resin Extract, Rosa-Senensis (Hibiscus) Extract, Resveratrol, Caffein, Adansonia Digitata (Baobab)** Oil, Citrillus Lanatus (Kalahari Melon)** Seed Oil, Schinziophyton Rautanenii (Mongongo)** Kernel Oil, Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos)* Tea Extract, Kigelia Africana** Extract, Cyclopia Genistoides (Honeybush)* Leaf Extract, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Extract, Arnica Cordifolia (Arnica) Extract, Salix Alba (Willow Bark) Extract, Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola)* Extract, Althaea Officinalis (Marshmallow) Extract, Lactic Acid, Azelaic Acid, Fulvic Acid, Rosa Moschata (Rosehip)* Seed Oil, Aloe Ferox* Extract, Ethylhexylglycerin, Phenoxyethanol.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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