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Product score: 02

Data Availability:

Limited

Epara Skincare Eye Serum

CATEGORY

Around Eye Cream
Serums & Essences

BRAND

Epara

DATA LAST UPDATED

October 2020

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 05
CANANGA ODORATA (YLANG YLANG) OIL
Appeared as: CANANGA ODORATA FLOWER OIL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, masking
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 02
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, solvent, viscosity decreasing agent, masking, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
LECITHIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant - emulsifying agent, antistatic, emollient, emulsifying, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)
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Ingredient score: 02
CITRIC ACID
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, buffering, chelating, masking
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: AQUA (WATER)
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, solvent, viscositydecreasing agent, humectant, masking, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 01
POLYGLYCERYL-10 LAURATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant - emulsifying agent, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
NIACINAMIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, smoothing
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Ingredient score: 01
XANTHAN GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant -emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, skin conditioning, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
PLANKTON EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR (EUROPEAN ASH) BARK EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA (BAMBOO) STEM POWDER
Appeared as: BAMBUSA ARUNINACEA POWDER
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) abrasive
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Ingredient score: 01
BOSWELLIA CARTERI (FRANKINCENSE) OIL
Appeared as: BOSWELLIA CARTERII (FRANKINCENSE) OIL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
QUERCUS SUBER BARK EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
DEHYDROACETIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) preservative
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
POTASSIUM CITRATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) buffering agent, chelating agent, ph adjuster, buffering, chelating
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Ingredient score: 01
SILANETRIOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, hair conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM ASCORBATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
TOCOPHEROL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous;skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT

Ingredients from packaging:

Aqua (Water), Dipropylene Glycol, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Polyglyceryl-10 Laurate, Niacinamide, Xanthan Gum, Plankton Extract, Lecithin, Phenoxyethanol, Fraxinus Excelsior (European Ash) Bark Extract, Bambusa Aruninacea Powder, Cananga Odorata Flower Oil, Boswellia Carterii (Frankincense) Oil, Quercus Suber Bark Extract, Dehydroacetic Acid, Citric Acid, Potassium Citrate, Silanetriol, Sodium Ascorbate, Tocopherol, Benzyl Alcohol, Linalool, Limonene, Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl Salicylate, Farnesol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Isoeugenol

Directions from packaging:

Apply one drop to the fingertip and gently dab across eyelids and contour area until absorbed. For best results use twice a day.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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