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Product score: 05

Data Availability:

Limited

Skin Nutritions Age Defy Dark Circle & Puffiness Treatment

CATEGORY

Facial Moisturizer/Treatment
Serums & Essences

BRAND

Skin

DATA LAST UPDATED

December 2019

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • HIGH
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 09
RETINYL PALMITATE (VITAMIN A PALMITATE)
Appeared as: RETINYL PALMITATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)
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Ingredient score: 07
METHYLISOTHIAZOLINONE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Neurotoxicity (low)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 05
SODIUM BORATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) ph adjuster, buffering
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
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Ingredient score: 03
PHYTONADIONE
Appeared as: PHYLLOQUINONE (VITAMIN K)
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
PEG-14M
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-20
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, ultraviolet light absorber, antimicrobial, astringent, emollient, humectant, masking, oral care, skin conditioning, skin protecting, tonic, uv absorber
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
MICA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, opacifying
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
THIOCTIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
CI 75130
Appeared as: BETA-CAROTENE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
NIACINAMIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, smoothing
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Ingredient score: 01
GLUCOSE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, humectant, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin-conditioning agent- miscellaneous
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Ingredient score: 01
ASCORBYL GLUCOSIDE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant - cleansing agent, cleansing, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ACETYL GLUCOSAMINE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
PANTHENOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, antistatic, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
SACCHAROMYCES/ XYLINUM BLACK TEA FERMENT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
XANTHAN GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant -emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, skin conditioning, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
YEAST EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
DIPOTASSIUM GLYCYRRHIZATE
Appeared as: DIPOTASSIUM GLYCYRRHIZINATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, humectant, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
LITHOTHAMNIUM CALCARUM POWDER
Appeared as: LITHOTHAMNIUM CALCAREUM POWDER
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) abrasive
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Ingredient score: 01
ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)
Appeared as: ASCORBIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, buffering, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, film former, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsion stabilising, film forming, stabilising, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
CARBOMER
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, solvent, viscositydecreasing agent, humectant, masking, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
TITANIUM DIOXIDE
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, opacifying agent, sunscreen agent, ultraviolet light absorber
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
DISODIUM EDTA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, chelating, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT

Ingredients from packaging:

WATER, GLYCERIN, NIACINAMIDE, GLUCOSE, CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, ASCORBYL GLUCOSIDE, PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE, PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7, ACETYL GLUCOSAMINE, PANTHENOL, SACCHAROMYCES/XYLINUM/BLACK TEA FERMENT, XANTHAN GUM, YEAST EXTRACT, DIPOTASSIUM GLYCYRRHIZINATE, LITHOTHAMNIUM CALCAREUM POWDER, MICA, THIOCTIC ACID, RETINYL PALMITATE, ASCORBIC ACID, TOCOPHERYL ACETATE, BETA-CAROTENE, PHYLLOQUINONE (VITAMIN K), HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE, PEG-14M, CARBOMER, POLYSORBATE 20, SODIUM BORATE, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, TITANIUM DIOXIDE, DISODIUM EDTA, PHENOXYETHANOL, METHYLISOTHIAZOLINONE.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


PETA Cruelty-free Companies

Companies that join the "Caring Consumer" program of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, a leading international animal rights advocacy organization, attest that "neither they nor their ingredient suppliers conduct or commission any animal tests on ingredients, formulations or finished products, and that they pledge not to do so in the future."

LEARN MORE ON PETA.ORG

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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