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Product score: 03

Data Availability:

LIMITED

Drunk Elephant C-Firma Day Serum (2018 formulation)

Drunk Elephant C-Firma Day Serum (2018 formulation)

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Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • MODERATE
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 05
GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA (LICORICE) ROOT EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, perfuming
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Neurotoxicity (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, ph adjuster, buffering
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 03
ALCOHOL ETHOXYLATES (C12)
Appeared as: LAURETH-23
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - cleansing agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent, cleansing
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
CHLORPHENESIN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) cosmetic biocide, antimicrobial, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-60
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent, emulsifying
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 02
ETHOXYDIGLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, solvent, viscosity decreasing agent, humectant, perfuming
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, ultraviolet light absorber, antimicrobial, astringent, emollient, humectant, masking, oral care, skin conditioning, skin protecting, tonic, uv absorber
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) film former, hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, antistatic, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
FERULIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, preservative, ultraviolet light absorber, antimicrobial
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
PROPANEDIOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) solvent, viscosity decreasing agent, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 02
POTASSIUM SORBATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
SORBIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) deodorant agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: WATER/AQUA/EAU
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)
Appeared as: ASCORBIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, buffering, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
LACTOBACILLUS/ CUCURBITA PEPO (PUMPKIN) FRUIT FERMENT FILTRATE
Appeared as: LACTOBACILLUS/PUMPKIN FERMENT EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
SCLEROCARYA BIRREA SEED OIL
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning, humectant
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Ingredient score: 01
DIPOTASSIUM GLYCYRRHIZATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, humectant, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE) JUICE EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, antioxidant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA (INDIAN GOOSEBERRY) FRUIT EXTRACT
Appeared as: PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA FRUIT EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
TOCOPHEROL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous;skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
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Ingredient score: 01
LACTOBACILLUS/ PUNICA GRANATUM FRUIT FERMENT EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM HYALURONATE CROSSPOLYMER
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
HYDROLYZED QUINOA
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
PHYTOSTEROLS
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
GLUTAMYL AMIDOETHYL IMIDAZOLE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, hair conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ACETYL GLUCOSAMINE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM HYALURONATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
TETRAHYDROBISDEMETHOXYDIFERULOYLMETHANE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, oral care, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
TETRAHYDRODEMETHOXYDIFERULOYLMETHANE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, oral care, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
TETRAHYDRODIFERULOYLMETHANE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
GLYCINE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) buffering agent, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, antistatic, buffering, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
LEUCONOSTOC/ RADISH ROOT FERMENT FILTRATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) antidandruff, antimicrobial
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Ingredient score: 01
SUCROSE
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, humectant, skin conditioning, soothing
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Ingredient score: 01
MALTODEXTRIN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) absorbent, binder, emulsion stabilizer, film former, hair conditioning agent;skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, binding, emulsion stabilising, film forming, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CHONDRUS CRISPUS (CARRAGEENAN) EXTRACT
Appeared as: CHONDRUS CRISPUS EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
HYDROXYETHYL ACRYLATE/ SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE COPOLYMER
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, opacifying agent, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, viscosityincreasing agent - aqueous, emulsion stabilising, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
ISOHEXADECANE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - emollient, solvent, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
OCTANOHYDROXAMIC ACID
Appeared as: CAPRYLHYDROXAMIC ACID
Data Availability: Limited
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Ingredient score: 01
CAPRYLYL GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, hair conditioning, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SORBITAN ISOSTEARATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - emulsifying agent, emulsifying
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Ingredient score: 01
PENTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) solvent, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
XANTHAN GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant -emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, skin conditioning, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, solvent, viscositydecreasing agent, humectant, masking, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM DEHYDROACETATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) preservative
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Occupational hazards (high)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT

Ingredients from packaging:

Water/Aqua/Eau, Ethoxydiglycol, Ascorbic Acid, Laureth-23, Glycerin, Lactobacillus/Pumpkin Ferment Extract, Sclerocarya Birrea Seed Oil, Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Juice Extract, Phyllanthus Emblica Fruit Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Tocopherol, Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer, Hydrolyzed Quinoa, Phytosterols, Glutamylamidoethyl Imidazole, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, Ferulic Acid, Acetyl Glucosamine, Sodium Hyaluronate, Tetrahydrobisdemethoxydiferuloylmethane, Tetrahydrodemethoxydiferuloylmethane, Tetrahydrodiferuloylmethane, Glycine, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Sucrose, Maltodextrin, Chondrus Crispus Extract, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Isohexadecane, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylhydroxamic Acid, Caprylyl Glycol, Sorbitan Isostearate, Propanediol, Pentylene Glycol, XanthaN Gum, Butylene Glycol, Sodium Hydroxide, Chlorphenesin, Polysorbate 60, Sodium Dehydroacetate, Potassium Sorbate, Sorbic Acid, Ethylhexylglycerin

Directions from packaging:

In the morning, apply evenly to clean, dry face, neck, chest and backs of hands.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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