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White & Elm Antioxidant Serum

EWG scientists reviewed the White & Elm Antioxidant Serum product label collected on July 22, 2016 for safety according to the methodology outlined in our Skin Deep Cosmetics Database. We assess the ingredients listed on the labels of personal care products based on data in toxicity and regulatory databases, government and health agency assessments and the open scientific literature. White & Elm Antioxidant Serum is EWG VERIFIED™.

Data last updated: July 2016

Ingredient Concerns

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Use Restrictions

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Other Ingredient Concerns

HIGH
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation
MODERATE
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
LOW
  • Enhanced skin absorption
  • Ecotoxicology
  • Occupational hazards
Learn more About
Ingredient Concerns
Score Data Availability Ingredient Concern
Limited
CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) OIL
Appeared as: CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE) ESSENTIAL OIL

• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Limited
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA (LAVENDER) OIL
Appeared as: LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA (LAVENDER) ESSENTIAL OIL

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)

Limited

Fair

Limited

Limited

Limited
ARGANIA SPINOSA (ARGAN) KERNEL OIL
Appeared as: ARGANIA SPINOSA (ARGAN) OIL

Fair
TOCOPHEROL
Appeared as: TOCOPHEROLS (VITAMIN E)

• Cancer (low)
Contamination concerns (meets restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data)

Product's Animal Testing Policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.

Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Product's Label Information

Ingredients from packaging:

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Vitis Vinifera (Grapeseed) Oil, Rosa Canina (Rose Hip) Seed Oil, Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil, Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil, Argania Spinosa (Argan) Oil, Citrus Sinensis (Sweet Orange) Essential Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Essential Oil, Tocopherols (Vitamin E)

Directions from packaging:

Apply a small amount onto fingertips and gently press over slightly damp face and neck. Use daily, morning and night.

Warnings from packaging:

STORE IN A COOL DRY PLACE AWAY FROM HEAT, LIGHT AND MOISTURE · CLOSE LID TIGHTLY · FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY· KEEP OUT OF CHILDREN’S REACH

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer