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Optimum Salon Haircare Defy Breakage No-Lye Relaxer, Regular (2016 formulation)

Data Availability: LIMITED

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EWG's Scores

EWG scientists reviewed the Optimum Salon Haircare Defy Breakage No-Lye Relaxer, Regular (2016 formulation) product label collected on November 01, 2016 for safety according to the methodology outlined in our Skin Deep Cosmetics Database. We assess the ingredients listed on the labels of personal care products based on data in toxicity and regulatory databases, government and health agency assessments and the open scientific literature. EWG's rating for Optimum Salon Haircare Defy Breakage No-Lye Relaxer, Regular (2016 formulation) is 8.

Data last updated: November 2016

Ingredient Concerns

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Use Restrictions

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Other Ingredient Concerns

HIGH
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources
  • Contamination concerns
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
  • Miscellaneous
  • Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
  • Occupational hazards
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation
  • Use restrictions
LOW
  • Enhanced skin absorption
  • Ecotoxicology
Learn more About
Ingredient Concerns
Score Data Availability Ingredient Concern
Fair
FRAGRANCE
Appeared as: PARFUM/FRAGRANCE

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)

Fair
LILIAL
Appeared as: BUTYLPHENYL METHYLPROPIONAL

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Endocrine disruption (low)

Limited
LYRAL
Appeared as: HYDROXYISOHEXYL 3-CYCLOHEXENE CARBOXALDEHYDE

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Fair

• Cancer (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)

Limited
AMYLCINNAMALDEHYDE
Appeared as: AMYL CINNAMAL

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)

Good

• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)

Limited
ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE
Appeared as: ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IODINE

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)

Good

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (moderate)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)

Fair

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (PAHS)

Fair

• Use restrictions (high)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Good

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (COCAMIDOPROPYL DIMETHYLAMINE, 3-DIMETHYLAMINOPROPYLAMINE, and NITROSAMINES)

Limited

• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (low)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

Limited

• Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

None

• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Fair

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Fair

• Use restrictions (high)

Limited

• Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Fair

• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Limited

• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Limited

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Contamination concerns (ACRYLAMIDE)

Fair

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Limited

• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Limited

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)

None

• Use restrictions (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Limited

• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Fair
ALCOHOL ETHOXYLATES (C12)
Appeared as: LAURETH-23

• Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Fair
FD&C YELLOW 5
Appeared as: CI 19140/YELLOW 5

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Limited

• Use restrictions (high)

Fair
FD&C BLUE 1
Appeared as: CI 42090/BLUE 1

• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Good

• Use restrictions (moderate)

Limited

• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)

Fair

• Enhanced skin absorption
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)

Good

• Use restrictions (moderate)

Limited

• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)

Limited
ACID RED 33
Appeared as: CI 17200/RED 33

• Use restrictions (moderate)

Robust
WATER
Appeared as: AQUA/WATER

Limited

Limited

• Use restrictions (low)

None

None

• Use restrictions (low)

Fair

• Enhanced skin absorption

None

Good
MINERAL OIL
Appeared as: PARAFFINUM LIQUIDUM/MINERAL OIL

• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Limited

Fair

Fair

Limited

None

• Use restrictions (low)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)

Limited

• Use restrictions (low)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)

None

Limited
PHENOLSULFONPHTHALEIN
Appeared as: PHENOLSULFONEPHTHALEIN

Limited

• Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)

Limited

None

• Use restrictions (low)

None

None

Limited

• Multiple, additive exposure sources (high)

Limited
GLYCERYL MONOSTEARATE
Appeared as: GLYCERYL STEARATE

Fair

• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Limited

Fair
COCOS NUCIFERA (COCONUT) OIL
Appeared as: COCOS NUCIFERA OIL/COCONUT OIL

Product's Animal Testing Policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.

Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Product's Label Information

Ingredients from packaging:

Aqua/Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glycerin, Trideceth-2 Carboxamide Mea, Ceteareth-25, Phenoxyethanol, Hexadimethrine Chloride, Parfum/Fragrance, Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Polyquaternium-22, Disodium EDTA, Hexyl Cinnamal, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Alpha-Isomethyl Iodine, 2-Oleamido-1,3-Octadecanediol, Aqua/Water, Petrolatum, Paraffinum Liquidum/Mineral Oil, Cetearyl Alcohol, Calcium Hydroxide, PEG-75 Lanolin, Polyquaternium-6, Propylene Glycol,Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Aqua/Water, Guanidine Carbonate, Xanthan Gum, Sorbitol, Tetrasodium EDTA, Denatonium Benzoate, Cl 16035/Red 40, Aqua/Water, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Polysorbate 20, Cocamide Mea, Phenoxyethanol, Parfum/Fragrance, Methylparaben, Potassium Sorbate, Polyquaternium-7, Citric Acid, Sodium PCA, Disodium EDTA, Hydroxypropyl Trimonium Honey, Hexyl Cinnamal, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Limonene, Benzyl Salicylate, Hydroxyisohexyl 3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Phenolsulfonephthalein, Aqua/Water, Glycerin, Cetearyl Alcohol, Polyquaternium-37, Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Behentrimonium Methosulfate, Sodium Benzoate, Phenoxyethanol, Parfum/Fragrance, PPG-1 Trideceth-6, Stearyl Dimethicone, Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride, Limonene, Hexyl Cinnamal, Hydroxypropyltrimonium Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, Linalool, 2-Oleamido-1,3-Octadecanediol, Aqua/Water, Oleth-20, Polyquaternium-6, Phenoxyethanol, Parfum/Fragrance, Methylparaben, Panthenol, Ethylparaben, Disodium EDTA, Hexyl Cinnamal, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Citric Acid, Alpha-Isomethylionone, Citronellol, Benzyl Salicylate, Limonene, Geraniol, 2-Oleamido-1,3-Octadecanediol, Citral, Aqua/Water, Paraffinum/Mineral Oil, Glycerin, Petrolatum, Cetearyl Alcohol, PEG-100 Stearate, Glyceryl Stearate, Polysorbate 20, Dimethicone, Paraffin, Parfum/Fragrance, Dicetyl Phosphate, Ceteth-10 Phosphate, Methylparaben, Triethanolamine, Ethylparaben, Cocos Nucifera Oil/Coconut Oil, Disodium EDTA, Laureth-4, Laureth-23, Limonene, Hexy Cinnamal, Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride, Hydroxypropyltrimonium Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, Linalool, Alpha-Isomethylionone, Benzyl Alcohol, Geraniol, Coumarin, Cl 19140/Yellow 5, Amyl Cinnamal, 2-Oleamido-1,3-Octadecanediol, Cl 14700/Red 4, Cl 17200/Red 33, Cl 42090/Blue 1

Directions from packaging:

Read and follow enclosed instruction sheet completely before using.

Warnings from packaging:

Failure to follow instructions or warnings or other misuse of the product can cause serious injury to the eyes or skin and can damage hair or result in permanent hair loss. Keep out of reach of children. Contains alkali. Wear gloves provided in the kit throughout the relaxing process. Avoid contact with the eyes. Can cause blindness. In case of contact with the eyes, rinse immediately and thoroughly with water and consult a doctor. Keep relaxer off scalp and other skin areas. In case of contact with skin, rinse immediately.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer