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Product score: 10

Data Availability:

Limited

American Crew Defining Paste, Medium Hold with Low Shine (2016 formulation)

American Crew Defining Paste, Medium Hold with Low Shine (2016 formulation)

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CATEGORY

Styling Gel/Lotion

BRAND

American Crew

DATA LAST UPDATED

July 2016

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • MODERATE
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 10
ISOBUTYLPARABEN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) preservative
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Endocrine disruption (high)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 09
PROPYLPARABEN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative, perfuming
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (high)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 09
BUTYLPARABEN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative, masking
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (high)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 08
OXYBENZONE
Appeared as: BENZOPHENONE 3
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) sunscreen agent, ultraviolet light absorber, uv absorber, uv filter
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)
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Ingredient score: 08
FRAGRANCE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) deodorant, masking, perfuming
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 07
LILIAL
Appeared as: BUTYLPHENYL METHLYPROPRIONAL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, masking
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 06
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA (TEA TREE) LEAF OIL
Appeared as: MELALEUCA ALTEMIFOLIA (TEA TREE) LEAF OIL (TEA TREE)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, perfuming
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 06
LYRAL
Appeared as: HYDROXYISOHEXL 3 CYCLOHEXENE CARBOXALDEHYDE
Data Availability: Limited
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CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
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Ingredient score: 05
TRIETHANOLAMINE
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, surfactant - emulsifying agent, buffering, emulsifying, masking, surfactant
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)
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Ingredient score: 05
BENZYL BENZOATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, solvent, antimicrobial, masking
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 05
BENZYL SALICYLATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, ultraviolet light absorber, masking, uv absorber
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
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Ingredient score: 05
CITRAL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, fragrance ingredient, masking
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 05
EUGENOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, masking, tonic
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 05
LIMONENE
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) perfuming
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE (COMFREY) ROOT
Data Availability: Limited
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CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
METHYLPARABEN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
CETEARETH-25
Appeared as: CETEARETH 25 (* COCONUT)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - cleansing agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
• Use restrictions (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
LINALOOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, deodorant, masking
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
ETHYLPARABEN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
CI 77004
Appeared as: BENTONITE (CI 77004)
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) absorbent, bulking agent, emulsion stabilizer, opacifying agent, suspending agent -nonsurfactant, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, bulking, emulsion stabilising, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, oral care agent, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, ultraviolet light absorber, antimicrobial, astringent, emollient, humectant, masking, oral care, skin conditioning, skin protecting, tonic, uv absorber
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
TETRASODIUM EDTA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, chelating
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 02
MICA
Appeared as: MICA (CI 77019)
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, opacifying
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 02
CI 77499
Appeared as: IRON OXIDES (CI 77491)
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, cosmetic colorant
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
LANOLIN WAX
Appeared as: LANOLIN WAX (LANOLIN CERA)
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) binder, hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, viscosity increasingagent - nonaqueous, antistatic, binding, emollient, emulsifying, film forming, foam boosting, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
COCONUT ALCOHOL
Appeared as: CETEARYL ALCOHOL (* COCONUT)
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, surfactant - foam booster, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous;viscosity increasing agent - nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, foam boosting, stabilising, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
TRIBEHENIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
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Ingredient score: 01
BEESWAX
Appeared as: BEESWAX (APIS MELLIFERA) (CERA ALBA)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, epilating agent, fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, surfactant - emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, film forming, perfuming
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Ingredient score: 01
TRIDECYL STEARATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
TRIDECYL TRIMELLITATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
ALCOHOL DENATURED
Appeared as: ALCOHOL DENATURED (* GRAIN)
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antifoaming, antimicrobial, astringent, masking, solvent, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
VP/ VA COPOLYMER
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) binder, film former, hair fixative, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, binding, film forming, hair fixing
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 01
DIPENTAERYTHRITYL HEXACAPRYLATE/ HEXACAPRATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, viscosity increasing agent - nonaqueous, emulsifying, skin conditioning, smoothing, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
ACRYLATES/ C10-30 ALKYL ACRYLATE CROSSPOLYMER
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, viscosity increasing agent -nonaqueous, emulsion stabilising, film forming, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
SALVIA HISPANICA SEED EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, emollient, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
URTICA DIOICA (NETTLE) EXTRACT
Appeared as: URTICA DIOICA (NETTLE) EXTRACT (NETTLE)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, antidandruff, astringent, hair conditioning, skin conditioning, soothing, tonic
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Ingredient score: 01
CHONDRUS CRISPUS (CARRAGEENAN) EXTRACT
Appeared as: CARRAGEENAN (CHONDRUS CRISPUS) EXTRACT (CARRAGEENAN)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
SAMBUCUS NIGRA (ELDER) FLOWER EXTRACT
Appeared as: SAMBUCUS NIGRA (ELDERBERRY) FLOWER EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, refreshing, skin conditioning, soothing, tonic
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 01
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA (CONEFLOWER) EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, moisturising, skin conditioning, soothing, tonic
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT
Ingredient score: 01
TITANIUM DIOXIDE
Appeared as: TITANIUM DIOXIDE (CI 77891)
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, opacifying agent, sunscreen agent, ultraviolet light absorber
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)
LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS INGREDIENT

Ingredients from packaging:

Water (Aqua), Lanolin Wax (Lanolin Cera), Cetearyl Alcohol (* Coconut), Glycerin, Tribehenin, Beeswax (Apis Mellifera) (Cera Alba), Tridecyl Stearate, Ceteareth 25 (* Coconut), Tridecyl Trimellitate, Alcohol Denatured (* Grain), VP/VA Copolymer, Dipentaerythrityl Hexacaprylate/Hexacaprate, Melaleuca Altemifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil (Tea Tree), Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Bentonite (CI 77004), Benzophenone 3, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Salvia Hispanica Seed Extract, Urtica Dioica (Nettle) Extract (Nettle), Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey Root), Carrageenan (Chondrus Crispus) Extract (Carrageenan), Sambucus Nigra (Elderberry) Flower Extract, Echinacea Angustifolia (Coneflower) Extract, Triethanolamine, Tetrasodium EDTA, Fragrance (Parfum), Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl Salicylate, Citral Eugenol, Butylphenyl Methlyproprional, Limonene, Linalool, Hydroxyisohexl 3 Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Propylparaben, Butylparaben, Isobutylparaben, Phenoxyethanol, Mica (CI 77019), Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891), Iron Oxides (CI 77491)

Directions from packaging:

work a small amount evenly through damp or dry hair and style as desired.

Warnings from packaging:

For external use only. Avoid getting in eyes. In case of eye contact, rinse immediately with water. Keep out of reach of children.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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