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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mask29 products
facial moisturizer/treatment28 products
facial cleanser18 products
serums & essences16 products
moisturizer9 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
conditioner4 products
toners/astringents4 products
4 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
makeup primer4 products
body firming lotion3 products
makeup remover3 products
hand cream3 products
shampoo3 products
tooth whitening2 products
detangler2 products
fragrance for women2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
body oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
around-eye cream1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
anti-aging1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
shaving cream1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby soap1 products
CC cream1 products
hair styling aide1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of skin irritationOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer