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Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil

Score:

Data: None

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW_MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment95 products
moisturizer69 products
body wash/cleanser69 products
shampoo67 products
serums & essences52 products
facial cleanser49 products
liquid hand soap48 products
daily use with SPF42 products
conditioner42 products
mask41 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
antiperspirant/deodorant26 products
exfoliant/scrub26 products
lip balm23 products
foundation19 products
hair treatment/serum18 products
CC cream16 products
hand sanitizer15 products
bath oil/salts/soak14 products
toners/astringents13 products
bubble bath11 products
hair styling aide11 products
body oil10 products
makeup remover9 products
anti-aging8 products
styling gel/lotion8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
bar soap8 products
hand cream7 products
body firming lotion7 products
baby shampoo6 products
lipstick6 products
blush6 products
after sun product6 products
hair spray6 products
baby soap6 products
around-eye cream6 products
makeup primer5 products
toothpaste5 products
BB cream4 products
setting powder/spray4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
detangler4 products
sunless tanning3 products
after shave3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
fragrance for women3 products
shaving cream3 products
body spray2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
eye makeup remover1 products
brow liner1 products
eye liner1 products
mouthwash1 products
1 products
baby wipes1 products
lip plumper1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
vapor rubs1 products
oil controller1 products
baby bubble bath1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Known human dermal toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
Fragrance chemical, which is less frequently reported and thus less documented as a consumer allergen.European Union 2015. Banned and Restricted Fragrances. Appears as: listid: EUFRAG-046; Chemical_Name: Limonene; Synonyms: d-Limonene;
Human [[system]] toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2018. Safer Chemical Ingredients List (2018-02-28). Appears as: CAS: 5989-27-5; List Name: d-Limonene; TSCA Chemical Name: CYCLOHEXENE, 1-METHYL-4-(1-METHYLETHENYL)-, (4R)-
May cause sensitization by skin contactEU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 601-029-00-7-61; Chemical_Name: DIPENTENE; Synonyms: limonene; [1] ; (R)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; d-limonene; [2] ; (S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; l-limonene; [3] ; trans-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene; [4] ; (±)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene [5]; CAS: 5989-27-5
REACH registrations this substance may cause an allergic skin reaction. European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2018. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: chemical_names: Orange, sweet, ext.; (2E,6E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylidenedodeca-2,6,11-trienal; (2E,6E,9E)-2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,6,9,11-tetraenal; (4R)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene; 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol; 7-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene; ; cas_numbers: 8028-48-6, 68647-72-3
May cause sensitization by skin contact, with allergic reaction in skin or lungsUS. National Library of Medicine,. 2015. Haz-Map®. Appears as: listid: HMAP-0695-1; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene; ; CAS: 5989-27-5

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Irritating to skinEU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 601-029-00-7-61; Chemical_Name: DIPENTENE; Synonyms: limonene; [1] ; (R)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; d-limonene; [2] ; (S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; l-limonene; [3] ; trans-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene; [4] ; (±)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene [5]; CAS: 5989-27-5
Restrictions recommended due to presence of photoirritating components.International Fragrance Association (IFRA) 2015. IFRA Codes & Standards. Appears as: listid: IFRA-223; Chemical_Name: Citrus oils and other furocoumarins-containing essential oils; ; ; Classification: Restricted
REACH registrations this substance causes skin irritation.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2018. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: chemical_names: Orange, sweet, ext.; (2E,6E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylidenedodeca-2,6,11-trienal; (2E,6E,9E)-2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,6,9,11-tetraenal; (4R)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene; 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol; 7-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene; ; cas_numbers: 8028-48-6, 68647-72-3

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Limited or emerging evidence in open scientific literaturePeer Reviewed Literature 2015. Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature. Appears as: listid: PBT-PEER-038; Chemical_Name: CYCLOHEXENE, 1-METHYL-4-(1-METHYLETHENYL)-, (4R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
This chemical was NOT flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-05949; Chemical_Name: Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
This chemical was NOT flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-05949; Chemical_Name: Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-07018; Chemical_Name: Oils, orange, sweet; ; CAS: 8008-57-9
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-07018; Chemical_Name: Oils, orange, sweet; ; CAS: 8008-57-9
REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2018. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: chemical_names: Orange, sweet, ext.; (2E,6E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylidenedodeca-2,6,11-trienal; (2E,6E,9E)-2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,6,9,11-tetraenal; (4R)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene; 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol; 7-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene; ; cas_numbers: 8028-48-6, 68647-72-3
This chemical was NOT flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-05949; Chemical_Name: Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Restrictions recommended due to presence of phototumorigenic components.International Fragrance Association (IFRA) 2015. IFRA Codes & Standards. Appears as: listid: IFRA-223; Chemical_Name: Citrus oils and other furocoumarins-containing essential oils; ; ; Classification: Restricted
IARC Group 3 (no cancer link)IARC 2015. IRAC Carcinogens (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: IARC-653; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene; ; CAS: 5989-27-5

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Dangerous for the environmentEU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 601-029-00-7-61; Chemical_Name: DIPENTENE; Synonyms: limonene; [1] ; (R)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; d-limonene; [2] ; (S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; l-limonene; [3] ; trans-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene; [4] ; (±)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene [5]; CAS: 5989-27-5
REACH registrations this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2018. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: chemical_names: Orange, sweet, ext.; (2E,6E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylidenedodeca-2,6,11-trienal; (2E,6E,9E)-2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,6,9,11-tetraenal; (4R)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene; 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol; 7-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene; ; cas_numbers: 8028-48-6, 68647-72-3
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention. Flagged for suspected aquatic toxicity.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-07018; Chemical_Name: Oils, orange, sweet; ; CAS: 8008-57-9

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Developmental toxicity (significant increase in the number of fetuses with skeletal abnormalities, including lumbar ribs, fused ribs, and delayed ossification of several bones in the paws) were observed in the animals administered 2363 mg/kg/day.1977 Studies on d-limonene as a gallstone solubilizer (VII) Effects on development of mouse fetuses and offsprings. Oyo Yakuri 13(6), 863-873.

Miscellaneous

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Concern Reference
FlammableEU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 601-029-00-7-61; Chemical_Name: DIPENTENE; Synonyms: limonene; [1] ; (R)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; d-limonene; [2] ; (S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; l-limonene; [3] ; trans-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene; [4] ; (±)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene [5]; CAS: 5989-27-5

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Insufficient data to support safe use in cosmeticsCosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) 2017. CIR Assessments. Appears as: ; Chemical_Name: Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil; ; ; Classification: QQQ03;

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Fully up-to-date toxicology information has been sought.US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 2015. Everything Added to Food. Appears as: listid: EAFUS-2489; Chemical_Name: ORANGE PEEL, SWEET, OIL (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK); ; CAS: 8008-57-9

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensEU Cosmetics Directive 2015. CosIng. Appears as: listid: COSING-27937; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene (CAS No 5989-27-5); ; CAS: 5989-27-5

Data Sources

  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • European Union 2015. Banned and Restricted Fragrances. Appears as: listid: EUFRAG-046; Chemical_Name: Limonene; Synonyms: d-Limonene;
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2018. Safer Chemical Ingredients List (2018-02-28). Appears as: CAS: 5989-27-5; List Name: d-Limonene; TSCA Chemical Name: CYCLOHEXENE, 1-METHYL-4-(1-METHYLETHENYL)-, (4R)-
  • EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 601-029-00-7-61; Chemical_Name: DIPENTENE; Synonyms: limonene; [1] ; (R)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; d-limonene; [2] ; (S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene; ; l-limonene; [3] ; trans-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene; [4] ; (±)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene [5]; CAS: 5989-27-5
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2018. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: chemical_names: Orange, sweet, ext.; (2E,6E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylidenedodeca-2,6,11-trienal; (2E,6E,9E)-2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,6,9,11-tetraenal; (4R)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene; 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol; 7-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene; ; cas_numbers: 8028-48-6, 68647-72-3
  • US. National Library of Medicine,. 2015. Haz-Map®. Appears as: listid: HMAP-0695-1; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
  • International Fragrance Association (IFRA) 2015. IFRA Codes & Standards. Appears as: listid: IFRA-223; Chemical_Name: Citrus oils and other furocoumarins-containing essential oils; ; ; Classification: Restricted
  • Peer Reviewed Literature 2015. Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature. Appears as: listid: PBT-PEER-038; Chemical_Name: CYCLOHEXENE, 1-METHYL-4-(1-METHYLETHENYL)-, (4R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
  • Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-05949; Chemical_Name: Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (R)-; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
  • Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-07018; Chemical_Name: Oils, orange, sweet; ; CAS: 8008-57-9
  • IARC 2015. IRAC Carcinogens (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: IARC-653; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene; ; CAS: 5989-27-5
  • 1977 Studies on d-limonene as a gallstone solubilizer (VII) Effects on development of mouse fetuses and offsprings. Oyo Yakuri 13(6), 863-873.
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) 2017. CIR Assessments. Appears as: ; Chemical_Name: Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil; ; ; Classification: QQQ03;
  • US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 2015. Everything Added to Food. Appears as: listid: EAFUS-2489; Chemical_Name: ORANGE PEEL, SWEET, OIL (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK); ; CAS: 8008-57-9
  • EU Cosmetics Directive 2015. CosIng. Appears as: listid: COSING-27937; Chemical_Name: d-Limonene (CAS No 5989-27-5); ; CAS: 5989-27-5

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