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d-Limonene

Score:

Data: Limited

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner19 products
eye shadow18 products
facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
hair color and bleaching14 products
hair treatment/serum14 products
hair styling aide12 products
moisturizer10 products
shampoo10 products
liquid hand soap9 products
facial cleanser8 products
foundation8 products
bar soap8 products
mask5 products
lipstick5 products
lip balm4 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
toners/astringents3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
beard care3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
around-eye cream3 products
body firming lotion3 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
toothpaste2 products
serums & essences2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
hair relaxer2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
detangler2 products
fragrance for women2 products
polish remover1 products
bubble bath1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
hair spray1 products
after shave1 products
body oil1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
body spray1 products
beard cleanser1 products
mouthwash1 products
sunless tanning1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
fragrance for men1 products
tooth whitening1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as any irritantOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Miscellaneous

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Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer