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Data: Limited

D Limonene

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

SEARCH PRODUCTS

Other Concerns

Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

SYNONYMS

● D-LIMONENE

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
hair treatment/serum18 products
conditioner17 products
shampoo14 products
hair styling aide11 products
moisturizer9 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
toothpaste5 products
mask5 products
liquid hand soap4 products
hair spray4 products
bar soap3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
facial moisturizer/treatment3 products
beard care3 products
facial cleanser3 products
after shave2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
serums & essences2 products
body oil2 products
tooth whitening2 products
daily use with SPF1 products
beard oil1 products
shaving cream1 products
mouthwash1 products
fragrance for men1 products
polish remover1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
detangler1 products
fragrance for women1 products
body spray1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as any irritantOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Miscellaneous

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Occupational hazards related to handlingOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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