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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick97 products
facial moisturizer/treatment41 products
moisturizer with SPF32 products
serums & essences14 products
CC cream13 products
lip gloss11 products
body oil8 products
moisturizer7 products
beach & sport sunscreen7 products
lip balm6 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
mask5 products
BB cream5 products
anti-aging4 products
around-eye cream4 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
concealer4 products
facial cleanser3 products
blush3 products
conditioner3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
shampoo2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
baby oil2 products
hand cream2 products
body firming lotion1 products
nail treatment1 products
makeup remover1 products
baby lotion1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
other eye makeup1 products
makeup primer1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
tooth whitening1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
532 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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