Other ConcernsNon-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
This ingredient is not currently on EWG's Skin Deep Restricted or Unacceptable Lists.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
HIGHAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||60 products|
|serums & essences||29 products|
|lip balm||23 products|
|hair treatment/serum||13 products|
|lip gloss||13 products|
|body oil||11 products|
|around-eye cream||10 products|
|facial cleanser||8 products|
|beard oil||7 products|
|BB cream||6 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|body wash/cleanser||3 products|
|brow liner||3 products|
|diaper cream||2 products|
|baby oil||2 products|
|recreational sunscreen||2 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||1 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|liquid hand soap||1 products|
|shaving cream||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|skin fading/lightener||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|Known human any toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
|any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as medium human health priority||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as medium human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||Open scientific literature|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||Open scientific literature|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|75 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.