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CHAMOMILE FLOWERS

Score:

Data: Limited

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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bath oil/salts/soak5 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
hair styling aide4 products
bubble bath4 products
mask3 products
shampoo3 products
conditioner2 products
bar soap2 products
body firming lotion2 products
baby powder1 products
baby soap1 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
lip balm1 products
1 products
moisturizer1 products
facial cleanser1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
The Association of Environmental and Occupational Clinics (AOEC) classifies this substance as a sensitizing allergen.AOEC 2012. AOEC Asthmagen list. Appears as: Primary Name: Chamomile; Synonym: Chamomile; ;

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Weak evidence of possible pregnancy/birth effects associated with chamomile consumption.Laura Cuzzolin, Francesco Francini-Pesenti, Giovanna Verlato, Marco Joppi, Paola Baldelli & Giuseppina Benoni 2010. Use of herbal products among 392 Italian pregnant women: focus on pregnancy outcome. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety 19(11), 1151-8.

Neurotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Derivatives of this species demonstrate neuromuscular effects in animals.Zsolt Sándor, Loránd Barthó, Róbert Papp, Dezső Kelemen, Attila Horváth, Tímea Bencsik, Judit Hohmann, Katalin Veres, Javad Mottaghipisheh & Dezső Csupor 2018. Evidence Supports Tradition: The in Vitro Effects of Roman Chamomile on Smooth Muscles. Frontiers in pharmacology 9, 323.

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
23 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • AOEC 2012. AOEC Asthmagen list. Appears as: Primary Name: Chamomile; Synonym: Chamomile; ;
  • Laura Cuzzolin, Francesco Francini-Pesenti, Giovanna Verlato, Marco Joppi, Paola Baldelli & Giuseppina Benoni 2010. Use of herbal products among 392 Italian pregnant women: focus on pregnancy outcome. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety 19(11), 1151-8.
  • Zsolt Sándor, Loránd Barthó, Róbert Papp, DezsÅ‘ Kelemen, Attila Horváth, Tímea Bencsik, Judit Hohmann, Katalin Veres, Javad Mottaghipisheh & DezsÅ‘ Csupor 2018. Evidence Supports Tradition: The in Vitro Effects of Roman Chamomile on Smooth Muscles. Frontiers in pharmacology 9, 323.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.

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