Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick61 products
eye liner39 products
lip balm35 products
moisturizer33 products
blush26 products
conditioner25 products
hand cream24 products
bronzer/highlighter24 products
lip balm with SPF22 products
facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
lip gloss16 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
recreational sunscreen11 products
body firming lotion10 products
shampoo9 products
concealer9 products
mask6 products
hair styling aide6 products
lip plumper6 products
around-eye cream5 products
body oil5 products
mascara5 products
lip liner5 products
facial powder4 products
foundation4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
eye shadow3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
anti-aging2 products
1 products
brow liner1 products
beard care1 products
makeup primer1 products
facial cleanser1 products
nail treatment1 products
serums & essences1 products
cuticle treatment1 products

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
15 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer