SYNONYMS4-OXO- SODIUM SALT PENTANOIC ACID, PENTANOIC ACID, 4-OXO-, SODIUM SALT, PENTANOIC ACID, 4OXO, SODIUM SALT, SODIUM 4-OXOVALERATE, SODIUM LEVULINATE, and SODIUM SALT PENTANOIC ACID, 4-OXO-
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Sodium Levulinate is a sodium salt of Levulinic Acid (q.v.).
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||77 products|
|facial cleanser||38 products|
|hand cream||34 products|
|serums & essences||33 products|
|around-eye cream||13 products|
|makeup remover||12 products|
|body wash/cleanser||10 products|
|baby lotion||9 products|
|baby soap||9 products|
|baby bubble bath||9 products|
|body spray||9 products|
|baby shampoo||8 products|
|baby wipes||5 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|hair treatment/serum||4 products|
|bubble bath||4 products|
|diaper cream||3 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|sunless tanning||2 products|
|liquid hand soap||2 products|
|body firming lotion||2 products|
|after sun product||2 products|
|shaving cream||1 products|
|facial powder||1 products|
|foot moisturizer||1 products|
|skin fading/lightener||1 products|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|214 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.