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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Endocrine disruption (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation390 products
facial moisturizer/treatment387 products
mask351 products
serums & essences270 products
concealer244 products
facial cleanser153 products
moisturizer153 products
daily use with SPF125 products
recreational sunscreen111 products
around-eye cream103 products
antiperspirant/deodorant93 products
shampoo93 products
conditioner92 products
toners/astringents89 products
exfoliant/scrub76 products
body wash/cleanser75 products
hair treatment/serum68 products
makeup primer61 products
liquid hand soap57 products
hair styling aide53 products
setting powder/spray49 products
eye shadow40 products
BB cream37 products
eye liner32 products
styling gel/lotion31 products
makeup remover29 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)24 products
baby sunscreen23 products
anti-aging22 products
sunless tanning21 products
bronzer/highlighter21 products
mascara20 products
lipstick19 products
hand cream17 products
bar soap16 products
16 products
hand sanitizer16 products
body firming lotion15 products
hair color and bleaching15 products
CC cream14 products
blush14 products
detangler13 products
hair spray10 products
brow liner10 products
baby shampoo9 products
after sun product9 products
foot moisturizer8 products
after shave8 products
baby lotion7 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
facial powder7 products
baby soap6 products
shaving cream6 products
body spray6 products
toothpaste6 products
mouthwash5 products
lip plumper4 products
lip gloss4 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
oil controller3 products
lip balm3 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby toothpaste3 products
beard care3 products
foot odor control3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
fragrance for women2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
body oil2 products
glitter2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
nail polish2 products
fragrance for men2 products
eyelash glue2 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
bubble bath1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
beard oil1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
beard cleanser1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
tanning oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as skin irritantNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
81588 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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