Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
facial moisturizer/treatment74 products
serums & essences59 products
foundation53 products
hair color and bleaching41 products
lipstick39 products
moisturizer31 products
lip gloss30 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
lip balm with SPF26 products
lip balm25 products
hair treatment/serum20 products
body wash/cleanser20 products
mask19 products
conditioner18 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
around-eye cream15 products
liquid hand soap13 products
facial cleanser13 products
lip liner10 products
eye liner10 products
shampoo9 products
hand cream8 products
hair styling aide8 products
concealer7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
toners/astringents6 products
eye shadow6 products
body oil5 products
body firming lotion5 products
daily use with SPF5 products
baby lotion5 products
makeup primer5 products
shaving cream5 products
anti-aging4 products
baby soap4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
baby shampoo4 products
hair spray3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
brow liner3 products
2 products
beard care2 products
after shave2 products
mascara2 products
makeup remover2 products
other eye makeup2 products
bubble bath2 products
fragrance for women2 products
baby bubble bath1 products
diaper cream1 products
beard cleanser1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
blush1 products
beard oil1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
15 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer