- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- Products with this ingredient are allowed for use in EWG VERIFIED but must meet use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
Other ConcernsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
SYNONYMS2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL (9Z,12Z)-OCTADECA-9,12-DIENOATE, 2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL 9,12-OCTADECADIENOATE, 2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL ESTER 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, 9,12- OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL, 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID (Z,Z)-, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL, 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, 2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL ESTER, GLYCERIN MONOLINOLEATE, GLYCEROL MONOLINOLEATE, GLYCERYL LINOLEATE, GLYCERYL LINOLEATE GLYCERYL LINOLEATE, GLYCERYL MONOLINOLEATE, LINOLEIC ACID, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL 9,12- OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID (Z,Z)-, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL LINOLEIC ACID, and MONOLINOLEIN
This ingredient is not currently on EWG's Restricted or Unacceptable Lists.
Glyceryl Linoleate is a monoester of glycerin and linoleic acid.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
Enhanced skin absorption
|Penetration enhancer||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Human any irritant - strong evidence||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panel||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Safety assessment was based on related chemical||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|32 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.