- †This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- †This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
Other ConcernsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
SYNONYMS2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL DOCOSANOATE, 2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL ESTER DOCOSANOIC ACID, BEHENIC ACID MONOGLYCERIDE, DOCODANOIN, MONO-, DOCOSANOIC ACID, 2,3-DIHYDROXYPROPYL ESTER, DOCOSANOIC ACID, MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL, GLYCERIN MONOBEHENATE, GLYCEROL MONOBENHENATE, GLYCERYL BEHENATE, GLYCERYL MONOBE HENATE, MONO- DOCODANOIN, and MONOESTER WITH 1,2,3-PROPANETRIOL DOCOSANOIC ACID
Glyceryl Behenate is a monoester of glycerin and behenic acid.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|lip gloss||34 products|
|lip balm||26 products|
|recreational sunscreen||24 products|
|eye shadow||14 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||10 products|
|daily use with SPF||9 products|
|baby sunscreen||7 products|
|around-eye cream||6 products|
|facial cleanser||5 products|
|serums & essences||3 products|
|hand cream||3 products|
|hair treatment/serum||3 products|
|brow liner||3 products|
|hair styling aide||2 products|
|diaper cream||2 products|
|lip balm with SPF||2 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|damaged skin treatment||1 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||1 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|foot moisturizer||1 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
Enhanced skin absorption
|Penetration enhancer||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Human any irritant - strong evidence||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panel||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Safety assessment was based on related chemical||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|130 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.